The Golden period of Iran under the PERSIAN CIVILISATION
Touriosity Travelmag|September 2020
Persia or the modern-day Iran is one of the oldest inhabited regions in the world with archaeological evidence claiming this to be dating back 1,00,000 years. The Neanderthals are believed to have had seasonal settlements here starting from the Paleolithic through the Neolithic and Chalcolithic Ages. We are however focusing on civilisations and not sporadic settlements. The Aryans migrated here in the early 3rd millennium BC and in course of time the region came to be known as Ariana (and then Iran) – the land of the Aryans.

Persia has been ruled by a series of dynasties from the 7th century BC to the 7th century AD. These include the Median Empire (678-550 BC), the Achaemenid Empire (550-330 BC) which was conquered by Alexander the Great and replaced by the Seleucid Empire (312-63 BC), Parthian Empire (247 BC - 224 AD), and the Sassanian Empire (224 - 651 AD). The Sassanians were conquered by the Muslim Arabs in the 7th century AD. The Persian Civilisation is often identified with the Achaemenid Empire under which the region flourished the most. During their reign the Persian Empire was the largest in the world and extended from Egypt in the west to Turkey in the North,and from Mesopotamia to the western borders of India. They were credited for having introduced many new things that went on to be replicated in other parts of the world.

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