THE only country in Latin America with a ruling communist party is Cuba. During the following conversation with China Today, the ambassador of the Republic of Cuba to China, Carlos Miguel Pereira, expressed his congratulations regarding the first centenary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) and also highlights the value that the socialist path has had in both countries in overcoming major challenges such as the COVID-19 pandemic and extreme poverty.
China Today (CT): What do you think of the significance of the celebration China held this July 1 in honor of the first centenary of the CPC?
Carlos Miguel Pereira (CMP): The celebration of the CPC’s centennial has great historic significance, not only for China but also for all the progressive forces in the world that stick to the path of socialism and the wellbeing of humanity.
Since its founding in 1921, the CPC has more than proven itself to be a leading political force displaying great leadership, exemplary integrity, and connection with the public. In its centennial trajectory, its role as the undisputed leader of the Chinese people has been key in the process of territorial reunification and sustainable and peaceful development of China. On the basis of democratic centralism and the strategy of the united front, it knows how to unite and combine other political parties, organizations, business associations, social, ethnic groups, religious personalities, and Chinese in other countries of the world grouped in the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, in pursuing the common goal of rebuilding the country and leading the Chinese nation on the path of economic and social development.
The CPC not only managed to found new China, but also started and led the reform and opening-up process, bringing about far-reaching changes in the economic, social, and institutional sectors, as well as consolidating the theoretical foundation of socialism with its own characteristics. More than just being a program of technical adjustments, the reform has been posed in political terms as a driving force for the development of socialism under Chinese conditions.
Throughout all these years, the CPC’s prestige and moral authority within the Chinese population have been strengthened, based on the exercise of assertive leadership that has allowed the truth to be revealed through facts. It’s vocation to analyze in a prudent and pragmatic way the moments of greatest uncertainty and turn great challenges into opportunities has been admirable.
In the most recent times, the CPC has become a shining example in the fight against poverty and international cooperation against COVID-19, reflecting the priorities set by its leaders with comrade Xi Jinping at the core.
China’s management and control of the epidemic has shown to the international community how the socialist practice of prioritizing human beings is the most effective way to overcome the pandemic. China and Cuba have socialist systems, a firm leadership of the Party and the government, and a strong sense of responsibility, which constitute important strengths in the face of this common enemy of humanity.
At the international level, the rise of the CPC as a political organization working for a more just, equitable, and multi-polar world is unquestionable. Its efforts to promote a community of shared future for humanity and the promotion of initiatives such as the Belt and Road combat the main scourges facing the world.
The celebration of the CPC’s centennial also has special significance for the Cuban government and people, who held the Eighth Congress of the Communist Party of Cuba last April. Cuba wants this event to mark a new stage for the strengthening of bilateral ties and the exchange of experience on socialist construction in both countries.
CT: Taking into account that both parties lead the destinies of China and Cuba respectively and that each country has their own characteristics, what do you think unites the Communist Party of Cuba with the Communist Party of China?
CMP: First of all, I consider that one of the essential factors that has enabled our two parities to enjoy excellent ties of friendship and brotherhood has been the similar history that has united us over many years.
A common fact that jumps out in the histories of both parties has been their attachment to the people and national unity. Neither of the two parties were born from fracture, but rather from the unity of all deeply progressive and humanist political forces involved in the common struggle to win independence and fight against foreign dependence.
Both the Chinese and Cuban revolutions were heroic creations in order to first achieve and later maintain national sovereignty and independence. In the case of Cuba, this has included the fiercest siege and multidimensional war imposed by the United States after the revolutionary triumph in 1959.
For more than six decades, Cuba and China have managed to build a relationship based on trust, mutual support, equality, respect, and mutual benefit. The persistence in the construction of socialism with the characteristics of each country has been an essential component of the relations maintained between our parties.
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