ATP donates the energy stored within its high-energy phosphate bonds to processes such as muscular contraction, making it possible to exercise. So obviously, the more molecular energy you have in the form of ATP, the better you’re going to perform in the gym – facilitating muscle growth and fat loss.
Research has revealed the surprising ability of the molecule nitrite, which is synthesized from dietary nitrates, to increase ATP production considerably. While it has been known for some time that nitrite can be converted in the body into nitric oxide, which can also trigger ATP production,1 this relatively newly acquired scientific insight into nitrite function demonstrates that nitrite increases ATP production in a unique way that is more productive than nitric oxide – potentially representing a potently novel way to increase energy levels that improve overall muscle performance while also enabling fat loss.
More Fat-Burning Mitochondria
A study by Mo et al.2 highlights nitrite’s capability to increase ATP production by causing the body to believe its energy levels are depleted, even when sufficient energy is on hand. Nitrite’s ability to mimic a low energy status subsequently activates the enzyme AMPK, which normally functions as the cell’s energy regulator that is activated when cellular energy is actually deficient. Nevertheless, when AMPK is activated by nitrite or low energy, it turns on many different energy-producing processes that recharge the cell’s energy status. One of the more effective ways that AMPK increases energy production is by stimulating the production of new mitochondria within the cell. Since mitochondria directly produce ATP in large part by burning fat, increased mitochondria generate greater energy, thus leading to enhanced muscular function as well as a superior capacity to burn body fat.
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