Protect; Don't Reinfect
Bona|November 2017

Lungile Khumalo highlights all you need to know about reinfection if you are HIV positive.

Lungile Khumalo

A year after being diagnosed with HIV, as well as following a strict antiretroviral (ARV) regimen and healthy lifestyle, Pumi regained her confidence. She was no longer wallowing in self- pity over why she was infected, and ready to move on with her life. Along came Trevor, and they hit it off immediately. Not only did they have a lot in common, but they were also both HIV positive and on ARVs. This was an unexpected relief – they both understood what the other had been through, and could offer emotional support. And because they were both positive, they thought there was no need to protect each other from the virus. But, they were wrong! This is because it is still possible for an HIV-positive person to infect another HIV-positive person. This is called reinfection, and we unpack 10 things you need to know about it.

WHAT IS IT?

Reinfection is when someone who is already infected with HIV becomes infected again with another strain of the virus. This is according to Dr Steven Miller, a specialist in HIV medicine, based in Johannesburg. “Sometimes, this is referred to as superinfection. While there have been many reports of cases of reinfection, this is probably a rare event,” Dr Steven says. The signs and symptoms of reinfection are the same as first-time infection. Within 10 days to 4 weeks of being reinfected, you could experience flu-like symptoms, which include night sweats, fevers, rashes and chills. But, you could feel well again within a few weeks. “In the majority of cases, you remain well and unaware that you have been reinfected,” he explains.

HOW WILL I KNOW?

The possibility of reinfection usually arises during a routine medical assessment. Unexpected findings during the physical examination or in the blood test results may make a doctor consider reinfection, and investigate further. These findings include the appearance of new swollen glands with or without a persistent fever and an unexplained increase in the viral load.

VIRAL LOAD

Continue reading your story on the app

Continue reading your story in the magazine

MORE STORIES FROM BONAView All

Damage At Work: Who Pays?

What happens when you damage company property or property that belongs to your employer? Are you liable for the costs?

5 mins read
Bona
June 2020

Safety Tips When Driving With Kids

The roads we drive on can be quite treacherous. Car safety is not only limited to you as a driver, but also your passengers including your children. Vuyi Mpofu gives us six safety tips that you must abide by.

3 mins read
Bona
June 2020

The Impact Of The Coronavirus

When COVID-19 hit South Africa, it came as no surprise that the virus would impact vulnerable communities such as townships and rural areas the hardest. The frequently asked questions since then have been whether the government has given enough information and resources to the people in disadvantaged areas or not. Everson Luhanga investigates further.

5 mins read
Bona
June 2020

Financially Surviving Covid-19

Our finance guru, Sinesipho Maninjwa, shares advice on how you can navigate and survive the financial impact of the coronavirus.

9 mins read
Bona
June 2020

All I Want Is A Baby

Trying to conceive with no success, and undergoing fertility treatment can take its toll on your relationship. This is the reality for many couples, and yet it remains a taboo subject.

4 mins read
Bona
June 2020

THE TRUTH ABOUT - feminine hygiene products

Despite numerous attempts by medical professionals to debunk the need for feminine hygiene products, numerous women still use them. Lethabo Nxumalo finds out why and if they are truly putting you at risk.

4 mins read
Bona
June 2020

THREE GENERATIONS OF MTOBA women

Linda Mtoba (27) is a mom, and she’s extremely happy about it. She chats to Amanda Mtuli about her pregnancy and what motherhood has taught her thus far. She also introduces us to her beautiful daughter, Bean. We are lucky to have the matriarch of the family, Linda’s mother Celiwe Mtoba (47), present during the interview. She lovingly gushes over her first grandchild while giving us insight into what it was like raising Linda.

9 mins read
Bona
June 2020

THE OLDER SIBLING Blues

Expecting the arrival of your bundle of joy may be exciting for you and your partner, but might not be so thrilling for your older child. Experts say kids sometimes struggle to accept the changes that a newborn brings. Fundiswa Nkwanyana spoke to some of them to help you prepare your firstborn for the new family member.

4 mins read
Bona
June 2020

Owning THE SPOTLIGHT

Film and TV star Fulu Mugovhani (29), currently graces our screens as Noli on the M-Net series, Still Breathing. The former Scandal! actress talks about getting into showbiz and lessons learnt on and off the stage.

2 mins read
Bona
June 2020

Life After losing a child

A parent’s worst fear is the death of a child. And, when that fear becomes a reality, grief becomes unbearable and acceptance seems impossible. Four readers share intimate details of their journeys.

8 mins read
Bona
June 2020
RELATED STORIES

UN CALLS FOR GLOBAL DATABASE OF HUMAN GENE EDITING RESEARCH

The World Health Organization issued new recommendations on human genome editing, calling for a global registry to track “any form of genetic manipulation” and proposing a whistleblowing mechanism to raise concerns about unethical or unsafe research.

2 mins read
AppleMagazine
AppleMagazine #507

Living a Better Life with HIV

AIDS is a disease caused by human immunodeficiency virus, which targets and weakens the body's immune system.

2 mins read
Women Fitness
November 2020

THE MILITARY'S WAR ON HIV-POSITIVE SOLIDERS

Don’t ask, don’t tell is dead. But America’s armed services still bar Poz recruits from enlisting and can kick out those who contract the disease while serving

10+ mins read
Bloomberg Businessweek
September 28, 2020

Bitter Pill

We need covid-19 treatments asap—but a perverse incentive could slow pharma breakthroughs.

5 mins read
Mother Jones
July/August 2020

Capitalism Trumps Hate

CEOs have often been ahead of cops and politicians on gay rights.

5 mins read
Reason magazine
August/September 2020

Meet The Resistance

Renowned researcher David Ho is leading a team of aggressive young scientists racing to beat the coronavirus

10+ mins read
Bloomberg Businessweek
March 23, 2020

Do You React to Corn?

This common veggie is hidden in multitudes of food products, and if you’re sensitive to it, you can experience everything from rashes and abdominal pain to cravings and binge-eating

3 mins read
Better Nutrition
March 2020

Merce Returns For Second Season

HIV-Positive Musical Comedy Web Series Premieres January 21

3 mins read
Diversity Rules Magazine
January 2020

We're Queer! Where Do We Go From Here?

The year 2019 is now history.

5 mins read
Diversity Rules Magazine
January 2020

Complacency A Concern As Aids Treatment Improves In Africa

AIDS has no cure. HIV is still here. But some people are forgetting that.

5 mins read
Techlife News
Techlife News #423