Petra, the pride of Jordan, is but a wonder that the entire human race boasts of. In 1985, Petra was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site and it is now one of the new Seven Wonders of the world. The site is a perfect representative of the old world and has been inhabited since prehistoric times. Surrounded by mountains and gorges, it is a rock-cut and rock-curved site, the construction of which was never completed. It is a paradise for archaeologists. The Greco-Roman culture is influenced by the Nabataean culture. Hellenistic influences can also be seen in Nabataean art and architecture, especially those built and created during 150 BC.
The surviving testaments of this culture can be seen in many graffiti and inscriptions and a few surviving letters that extend as far as the north end of the Dead Sea. These prove that a large group of Nabataeans were literate, but apart from letters, no other evidence of literature has survived to this date.
The Nabataeans have been described in literature as a strong tribe of some 10,000 warriors, well-known among the nomads of Arabia, with fixed houses, pursuing an exceptionally skilled trade, facilitating commerce between China, India, the Far East, Egypt, Syria, Greece and Rome. They dealt in such goods as spices, incense, gold, animals, iron, copper, sugar, medicines, ivory, perfumes and fabrics, and many others. They were excellent traders. Petra was a caravan city situated between the Red Sea and the Dead Sea and was an important route in international trade. Trade in incense of Arabia, silk of China and spices of India took place through it.
Coming to religion, Dushara was the supreme deity of the Nabataean Arabs, and was the official god of the Nabataean Kingdom.
Dushara enjoyed special royal patronage. It is well evident in various inscriptions where Dushara is said to be ‘The god of our lord’. The Nabataeans inscribed in the Aramaic language, but they spoke Arabic.
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PRISON TOURS as part of Dark Tourism
One of the first signs of the beginning of understanding is the wish to die. This life appears unbearable, another unattainable. One is no longer ashamed of wanting to die; one asks to be moved from the old cell, which one hates, to a new one, which one will only in time come to hate. In this there is also a residue of belief that during the move the master will chance to come along the corridor, look at the prisoner and say: “This man is not to be locked up again, he is to come with me.” – Franz Kafka in Blue Octavo Notebooks.
THE KILLING FIELDS
CHOEUNG EK Site of a former orchard and mass grave of victims of the Khmer Rouge (killed between 1975 and 1979) near Phnom Penh, Cambodia
7 Indian Prisons One Can Visit As A Tourist
If you are looking for a fun-filled vacation, this is not an article to please you. This is for those who like to experiment with new and unique experiences. Spending time behind bars in a dark prison cell, wearing a jail uniform made of khaki and having the basic jail food there, may be a nightmare for most, but adventure enthusiasts are increasingly being drawn to prison tourism of this kind globally. India too has caught up to the race and today there are a few prisons in India which are tourist attractions for various reasons. While some are famous historically, others have interesting museums and yet others provide pay and stay facilities. One does not really need to commit a crime to experience these prisons nor a bail for release.
Bengal's Biggest Carnival
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How to celebrate Durga pooja as Bengalis do
In this cover story, Abhirup Ghosh has beautifully captured the true spirit of Durga Puja in the state of Bengal both through his pen and the camera. He has perfectly elucidated the key elements of the annual festivities of the Bengali Community and elaborated on the individual rituals during these festival days. From idol-making to idol-immersion, there’s every detail in the article.
The cradle of civilisations- Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia, a region in southwest Asia, is often claimed to have hosted the beginning of the human civilisation on earth. The geography and climatic conditions here were conducive to development of the civilisation. Many important inventions were made during this time, including written language, maps, mathematics, the concept of time and things like the brick, plough, wheels, chariots and boats, pottery and textile mills. Accordingly the region is often called the ‘Cradle of Civilisations’ as a lot of what the human race on the earth has today was born here.
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Of architectural glory and much more Roman Civilisation
Ancient Rome grew from a small village on the bank of Italy’s Tiber River into an empire that at its peak comprised most of continental Europe, Britain, much of western Asia, northern Africa and the Mediterranean islands. Among the many legacies of Roman dominance are the widespread use of the Romance languages (Italian, French, Spanish, Portuguese and Romanian) all derived from Latin, the modern Western alphabet, the calendar and the emergence of Christianity as a major world religion.
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