The beginning of the sub-continent INDUS VALLEY CIVILISATION
Touriosity Travelmag|September 2020
The ancient Indus Valley Civilization, also often called the Harappan Civilisation, grew up in the fertile flood plains of the Indus River spanning across Pakistan, Afghanistan and India. While Mesopotamian civilisation is generally believed to be the oldest one, new studies reveal that the Indus Valley civilisation pre-dates it, and that it is 7,500 – 8,000 years old to be precise.

There are evidences of scattered settlements and religious practices in the region as far as 5500 BC. Farming-based settlements started around 4000 BC and by 3000 BC there were signs of cities. By the next four centuries many towns and cities grew up in the valley. From 2500 to 2000 BC the civilization was at its peak and population reached a maximum of five million people. The civilisation started to decline around 1800 BC.

The two most important cities of the Indus Valley region were Mohenjo-Daro, on the lower Indus and Harappa, further upstream. These have been excavated since 1922 when Mr R. D. Banerji, an officer of the Archaeological Survey of India, discovered the ruins of Mohenjo-Daro.

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