The Story of Mummies, Pyramids & more - EGYPTIAN CIVILISATION
Touriosity Travelmag|September 2020
The river valley of Nile began to be settled around 5500 BC and two distinct kingdoms grew up; they are referred to as the Upper Egypt and the Lower Egypt (known locally as Ineduhedj). Around 3200 BC, the two kingdoms were unified under one ruler, King Narmer (also called Menes), and this is widely regarded as the beginning of the Egyptian civilization. For close to 3000 years, till its conquest by Alexander the Great in 332 BC, the ancient Egyptian civilization was the predominant civilization in the Mediterranean world.

The engineering marvels of their times and their incredible achievements in various fields have continued to bewilder mankind ever since the archaeologists and historians came to know about the existence of such a civilization thousands of years ago.

Egyptian civilization was very advanced because of their inventions and technology, and especially because they had developed the hieroglyphic writing system with which they recorded their history. And they not only wrote by carving on stones and walls, they also succeeded in creating a paper-like material called the papyrus. The Egyptians had realised the importance of proper communication and recording and the job of scribes was very important. They would reduce religious beliefs, history and law into writing inside temples and tomb walls. Much of what we know about them today is because of their own accounts of the same.

The structures built by the Egyptians have also stood the test of time and stand as testimony to their development. They had discovered methods of cutting stones and used stone blocks to build their temples and pyramids. This made them durable. Architects would ensure that the stone blocks of temples fit perfectly. To build high rising structure they would use ramps which workers would climb to reach higher up while designing the top of the buildings. It is quite interesting to note that as soon as a new pharaoh was named, work on his tomb began. The size and quality of the tomb depended on the duration and quality of his rule.

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