As to how Rome was founded, there is no concrete historical evidence. It is rather shrouded in mystery. However, there are two popular legends. According to the first legend, Rome was founded in 753 BC by Romulus and Remus, the twin sons of Mars, the Roman god of war. The twins were left to drown in a basket on the Tiber River by king Amulius of Alba Longa, from where they were rescued by a female wolf (some accounts also mention her to be a shepherd’s wife instead). The she wolf (shepherd’s wife) raised the twin boys into mighty warriors and they eventually grew up to defeat the king, and founded their own city on the riverbank in 753 BC. The city was built on seven hills - the Aventine Hill, Capitoline Hill, Viminal Hill, Caelian Hill, Quirinal Hill, Esquiline Hill and Palatine Hill. Following an argument about who would rule the city, Romulus killed his brother Remus, and took the throne as the first king of Rome, and the city was named after him. All the kings after Romulus were elected by the Senate, yet they were referred to as ‘rex’, meaning ‘king’ in Latin.
As per the second legend recorded by Greek historian Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Prince Aeneas led a group of Trojans on a sea voyage in quest of a new Troy, since the original was destroyed at the end of the infamous Trojan War. After quite a long time in the stormy sea, they landed on the banks of the Tiber River but the men wanted to take to the sea again. The women however did not want to leave. One of them, called Roma, hatched the plan to burn the ships to prevent the men from leaving. Although angry at first, the men finally realized that this place was ideal for them to settle down. Hence they named it after Roma because of whom they came to settle here.
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PRISON TOURS as part of Dark Tourism
One of the first signs of the beginning of understanding is the wish to die. This life appears unbearable, another unattainable. One is no longer ashamed of wanting to die; one asks to be moved from the old cell, which one hates, to a new one, which one will only in time come to hate. In this there is also a residue of belief that during the move the master will chance to come along the corridor, look at the prisoner and say: “This man is not to be locked up again, he is to come with me.” – Franz Kafka in Blue Octavo Notebooks.
THE KILLING FIELDS
CHOEUNG EK Site of a former orchard and mass grave of victims of the Khmer Rouge (killed between 1975 and 1979) near Phnom Penh, Cambodia
7 Indian Prisons One Can Visit As A Tourist
If you are looking for a fun-filled vacation, this is not an article to please you. This is for those who like to experiment with new and unique experiences. Spending time behind bars in a dark prison cell, wearing a jail uniform made of khaki and having the basic jail food there, may be a nightmare for most, but adventure enthusiasts are increasingly being drawn to prison tourism of this kind globally. India too has caught up to the race and today there are a few prisons in India which are tourist attractions for various reasons. While some are famous historically, others have interesting museums and yet others provide pay and stay facilities. One does not really need to commit a crime to experience these prisons nor a bail for release.
Bengal's Biggest Carnival
The Durga Puja is like the Carnival of Bengal. People wait and plan for an entire year for these few days of the festival. But this year’s Durga Puja has been different. With almost no pandal hopping, restricted crowding, limited fanfare, this annual festival was celebrated sans the quintessential pomp and gaiety. Nevertheless, the theme of one particular Durga Puja in Kolkata managed to capture the attention of people worldwide with its heartwarming message and decor. Abhirup Ghosh has beautifully captured the unique decor and a close-up shot of the much talked about idol of Goddess Durga as a migrant mother from Barisha Club, Behala and shared his experience of talking with the organisers and designers of the pandal and the artist of the idol. TOURISIOTY hails the creativity and humanitarian approach of this Puja Committee in addressing one of the burning problems of the current times. We are happy to share this exclusive coverage.
Latpanchari A desire to Get lost
Forming part of the Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary, Latpanchar is a veritable paradise for bird watchers. Located at an altitude of 5000 ft above the sea level on the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas, Latpanchar is a newfound hidden gem of Bengal. This travelogue by Alok Ganguly brings to our readers his experience and is accompanied by beautiful captures. The article also provides detailed information for those who would like to set foot in this place.
How to celebrate Durga pooja as Bengalis do
In this cover story, Abhirup Ghosh has beautifully captured the true spirit of Durga Puja in the state of Bengal both through his pen and the camera. He has perfectly elucidated the key elements of the annual festivities of the Bengali Community and elaborated on the individual rituals during these festival days. From idol-making to idol-immersion, there’s every detail in the article.
The cradle of civilisations- Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia, a region in southwest Asia, is often claimed to have hosted the beginning of the human civilisation on earth. The geography and climatic conditions here were conducive to development of the civilisation. Many important inventions were made during this time, including written language, maps, mathematics, the concept of time and things like the brick, plough, wheels, chariots and boats, pottery and textile mills. Accordingly the region is often called the ‘Cradle of Civilisations’ as a lot of what the human race on the earth has today was born here.
The beginning of the sub-continent INDUS VALLEY CIVILISATION
The ancient Indus Valley Civilization, also often called the Harappan Civilisation, grew up in the fertile flood plains of the Indus River spanning across Pakistan, Afghanistan and India. While Mesopotamian civilisation is generally believed to be the oldest one, new studies reveal that the Indus Valley civilisation pre-dates it, and that it is 7,500 – 8,000 years old to be precise.
Of architectural glory and much more Roman Civilisation
Ancient Rome grew from a small village on the bank of Italy’s Tiber River into an empire that at its peak comprised most of continental Europe, Britain, much of western Asia, northern Africa and the Mediterranean islands. Among the many legacies of Roman dominance are the widespread use of the Romance languages (Italian, French, Spanish, Portuguese and Romanian) all derived from Latin, the modern Western alphabet, the calendar and the emergence of Christianity as a major world religion.
Lesser Known PYRAMIDS from the Mayan Civilisation
The Mayan civilisation was a Mesoamerican civilisation that grew up in the tropical lowlands of today’s Guatemala and ultimately reached the countries of Belize and parts of Mexico, Honduras and El Salvador. It spread across the timeline of 2000 BC to 900 AD, reaching the peak of its power in the sixth century AD when the Maya population is said to have reached a strength of 20,00,000.
EMPIRE OF SIN
A new boss is in town to take over the forgotten gangster sim genre
MODERN-DAY OLYMPIA ANABOLIC STACK VS. THE ‘90S
Purists wish to trace modern-day bodybuilding to the sport’s roots of the 1960s, but it could easily be argued that modern bodybuilding branched away from classic bodybuilding in the 1990s, deviating to extremes in size and form that bring to mind caricatures or comic book drawings.
With the nation and much of the western world contending with the fallout of the chronic problem of racism, this is as good a time as any to take a look at the issue within the world of vertebrate paleontology.
From Italy to New York
2 flights and 5 angels got me home
How a Celtic tribe fought to defend their Iberian homeland against the emperor’s legions
A rebate meant to lift Italy's economy widens a class divide
The pandemic worsened global inequality. Now some measures meant to help are widening the gulf
A Plague is an Apocalypse But It Can Bring a New World
The meaning of this one is in our hands.
Make a Fashion Statement
A designer to the “queens,” this do-good brand blends heritage and high fashion.
A lasting gift
As my mare grows old, I’ve come to appreciate things about her that the passage of time can never really take away.
What's happenning in Italy is a prognosis for the world?
Letter from Rome