AUTOMOTIVE TRENDS AND INFLUENCE ON OCCUPANT SAFETY
The electric vehicle (EV) market is growing rapidly, as major car manufacturers catch up to agile start-ups, such as Tesla, with their own EV offerings. Audi, Porsche, General Motors and Ford have all either announced or already produced brand new EVs within the last two years alone. Such a transition in the automotive industry is fuelling the EV market to reach an expected 21 mn vehicle sales in 2030 . Improving battery technology and national incentives also contribute to an increase in sales.
Meanwhile, companies of all sizes and from many industries are engaged in the development of autonomous vehicles (AVs). Self-driving passenger cars will require several hundred-of-millions of lines of software code as well as hundreds of Electronic Control Units (ECUs), sensors and other electronic components. As a result, the emergence of the AV market is expected to drive growth in automotive electronics and embedded software.
At the same time, innovative vehicle architectures are being developed to manage complexity through consolidation and to optimise the implementation of electric powertrains, including batteries. These new architectures will enable new features and novel vehicle configurations, especially as human beings transition from drivers to passengers. Here, one area of critical concern is how these technologies will affect occupant safety, particularly in the event of a crash.
PASSENGER SAFETY IN THE ELECTRIC AND AUTONOMOUS AGE
To maximise drive range in EVs, automakers are placing additional emphasis on the aerodynamic properties of vehicles. The results of aerodynamic studies can lead to changes in the dimensions, packages and configuration of the passenger cabin, thus altering how it will behave in a crash. Electric motors and batteries also require different crash structures and can affect vehicle dynamics since the centre of gravity of the vehicle will be lowered.
In an AV, new seating arrangements – such as conference seating, where passengers face inwards toward each other – will affect how bodies behave in a crash, 1. Manufacturers will need to ensure that passengers seated in a conference layout will not injure each other during a crash. Furthermore, new seating arrangements will require new restraint systems and airbag deployments to ensure passenger safety, as well as examination of how new seating positions affect loading on the occupants in order to determine the safest seating arrangement.
Finally, the displacement of driving and navigation duties from humans to vehicles will allow occupants to relax, work, even sleep while being transported in an AV. Therefore, different states of consciousness and awareness of the human must be considered during safety analysis and testing.
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OBJECTIVE ASSESSMENT OF THE SAFETY CONTRIBUTION OF TODAY'S AUTOMOTIVE HEADLAMPS
Good lighting makes a major contribution to road safety. In 2011, the International Commission on Illumination (CIE) presented an evaluation system for headlamps that can objectively assess the quality of illumination and glare limitation. New light sources like LEDs and lighting functions (glare-free high beam, partial high beam) have been available for several years, so that an extension of the proven CIE method is necessary, which takes into account, among other things, changed switch-on and service lives of new lighting functions and represents a generally understandable evaluation system. An evaluation system presented in the following by the Technische Uni versität Darmstadt, which was developed by an encompassing expert commission, is intended to provide representative data and enable an objective evaluation of headlamp performance.
RAPIDO RE-INNOVATES TO CATER TO POST COVID-19 LAST MILE CONNECTIVITY
The rapid pace of urbanisation in the country has witnessed cities expanding and subsuming surrounding villages and smaller towns, evolving into Tier II and III cities.
FUNCTIONAL SAFETY STANDARDS TOP PRIORITY FOR FUTURE AUTOMOTIVE DEPLOYMENT
Increasing levels of electronic content in vehicles result in a large amount of software that is required to run the scenes behind the mechanical aspects of a vehicle. Electronic systems in automobiles are part of every section, from the powertrain to comfort and convenience systems as well as all types of safety equipment. This makes electronics and the software running these systems a critical part of the equation for future mobility solutions. In addition, putting standards in place to measure methods of developing, testing and functioning of such electronic systems also becomes highly relevant.
“BYD'S EV STRATEGY TO ENCOMPASS MOST FORMS OF TRANSPORTATION NEEDS IN INDIA”
The country’s electric vehicle (EV) ecosystem is grappling with a plethora of challenges even as it is striving to wriggle itself out of the ‘nascent stage’ tag. In an exclusive chat with Auto Tech Review, Zhang Jie Ketsu, Executive Director, BYD India shares his perspective on the current EV scenario and how the company intends to progress faster in the Indian automotive industry
SAFETY IN ELECTRIC AND AUTONOMOUS CARS – SIMULATION OF COMPLEX CRASH SCENARIOS
Electric and autonomous vehicles allow for novel seating arrangements and packaging strategies, presenting new safety challenges. Physical crash testing must be supplemented with virtual simulation to ensure vehicle safety on shorter development cycles. With its Simcenter Madymo MBS software, Siemens provides improved runtimes and the Active Human model, enabling accurate and rapid occupant safety analysis in complex crash scenarios.
KIA SONET – A MIGHTY OFFERING IN THE COMPACT SUV SEGMENT
It wouldn't be wrong to say that Kia Motors India has taken the Indian market by storm in less than 12 months of its presence in the market.
NISSAN'S NEW DIRECTION: ARIYA ALL-ELECTRIC
Marking a key milestone in Nissan’s transformation strategy, Ariya ticks a lot of boxes highlighting the strengths of the global automotive giant.
BETTER SAFETY WITH EMERGENCY BRAKE ASSIST FOR MOTORCYCLES
Rear-end collisions with a slower vehicle suddenly cutting into the lane and intersection accidents with cross-traffic are among the most frequent motorcycle accident types. Continental is now developing an emergency brake assist, which detects an imminent collision with a vehicle ahead or with an obstacle, warns the rider and supports him during braking
ADAS WILL SERVE AS CATALYST FOR IMPROVED VEHICLE SAFETY
The automotive industry across the globe is increasingly focussing on safety.
Sound Generation For Enhanced Road Safety
With an ever-increasing number of fully electric and hybrid vehicles entering the market, we are witnessing a change in the acoustic experience in and around the car. The silent nature of the electric powertrain means that other road users miss the familiar acoustic cues that warn them of an approaching vehicle. To remedy this situation, Harman is working on various noise management solutions.
WITHOUT ITS ROADSTER, PORSCHE MIGHT NOT EXIST TODAY
That was the headline on a New York Times story published on January 20, 1996, detailing the German marque’s effort to turn around its finances and reinvent the way it had built cars for more than 40 years.
CALIFORNIA PLACES TESLA'S ‘FULL SELF-DRIVING' UNDER REVIEW
California’s Department of Motor Vehicles is reviewing whether Tesla is violating a state regulation by advertising its vehicles as being fully autonomous without meeting the legal definition of self-driving.
THE NEXT NORMAL
ELECTRIC SUVS ARE PROLIFERATING APACE, AND WHICH ONE RULES THE ROOST COULD CHANGE BY THE DAY
TESLA TO STOP ACCEPTING BITCOIN FOR CAR PAYMENTS
Electric car maker Tesla will stop accepting Bitcoin as a payment, CEO Elon Musk tweeted on Wednesday, citing environmental concerns.
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Get-rich-quick trading is partly about entertainment, but it’s having a very real impact on markets
TESLA POSTS $438M 1Q PROFIT ON STRONG ELECTRIC VEHICLE SALES
Charged up by strong sales of its electric cars and SUVs, Tesla posted its seventh-straight profitable quarter.
AUTO GROUP BACKS GUIDELINES FOR PARTIALLY AUTOMATED VEHICLES
The trade association representing most major automakers is offering guidelines for manufacturers to advertise partially automated driving systems and to make sure drivers are paying attention while using them.
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MERCEDES ROLLS OUT LUXURY ELECTRIC CAR IN DUEL WITH TESLA
Daimler AG unveiled a battery-powered counterpart to its top Mercedes-Benz luxury sedan as German carmakers ramp up their challenge to electric upstart Tesla.
SCRUTINY OF TESLA CRASH A SIGN THAT REGULATION MAY BE COMING
The fiery crash of a Tesla near Houston with no one behind the wheel is drawing scrutiny from two federal agencies that could bring new regulation of electronic systems that take on some driving tasks.