Looking at all traffic fatalities in Germany, the proportion of motorcyclists killed in accidents has almost doubled from 11 % in the year 1991 to 21 % in the year 2017, 1. Current data  shows that the total number of accident victims is continuing to decline, however, the number of fatal motorcycle accidents is not falling at anywhere near the same rate as that of passenger cars. How can this discrepancy be despite overall increasing traffic safety?
Developments in passive and active crash safety, such as the use of high tensile steel in passenger compartments and the extensive prevalence of airbag systems and electronic stability programmes (like ABS or ESC), are primarily responsible for improving car and truck safety. So far, it has not been possible to adapt these features to the same extent in motorised two-wheelers, on the one hand because they lack a crash structure and on the other because of their kinematic properties as leaning two-wheelers. Taking into account the registration figures and the annual mileage, the risk of being involved in a fatal accident is 28 times higher for motorcyclists than it is for motorists, with the probability of sustaining serious injuries 18 times higher .
NEW STANDARDS – NEW APPROACHES
The introduction of the Euro-4 standard in 2017 obligated motorcycle manufacturers to equip available models with the ABS anti-lock brake system. In addition, electronic driving aids such as traction control and “cornering ABS” have become a major selling point, particularly in the premium segment. Investment in these complex technologies, as well as the updated guidelines show that both manufacturers and legislators are determined to set new standards in driving safety for motorised two-wheelers.
Continental is taking these developments one step further by applying radar- and camera-based advanced driver assistance systems, the use of which is already established in cars, to motorcycles, and adapting these to meet the specific requirements of two-wheelers.
The development of advanced driver assistance systems typically starts with an analysis of accident scenarios. While 28 % of motorcycle accidents occur without any outside involvement, for example, due to loss of stability, most cases (56 %) involve cars . The accident data analysis performed as part of Continental’s accident research, 2, shows that crossing traffic is the most common cause of car-motorcycle collisions (crossing, 34 %). The classic rear-end collision involving a car in front or cutting in is a close second (run-up, 31 %), followed by the special case of the oncoming vehicle (oncoming same, 21 %).
Of these three scenarios, the currently available emergency brake assist for cars addresses mainly run-ups. Coming generations of systems will likely integrate crossing scenarios, too. Similarly, assistance programmes for motorcycles, currently focus on rear-end collisions, but will not remain restricted to this in the future.
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OBJECTIVE ASSESSMENT OF THE SAFETY CONTRIBUTION OF TODAY'S AUTOMOTIVE HEADLAMPS
Good lighting makes a major contribution to road safety. In 2011, the International Commission on Illumination (CIE) presented an evaluation system for headlamps that can objectively assess the quality of illumination and glare limitation. New light sources like LEDs and lighting functions (glare-free high beam, partial high beam) have been available for several years, so that an extension of the proven CIE method is necessary, which takes into account, among other things, changed switch-on and service lives of new lighting functions and represents a generally understandable evaluation system. An evaluation system presented in the following by the Technische Uni versität Darmstadt, which was developed by an encompassing expert commission, is intended to provide representative data and enable an objective evaluation of headlamp performance.
RAPIDO RE-INNOVATES TO CATER TO POST COVID-19 LAST MILE CONNECTIVITY
The rapid pace of urbanisation in the country has witnessed cities expanding and subsuming surrounding villages and smaller towns, evolving into Tier II and III cities.
FUNCTIONAL SAFETY STANDARDS TOP PRIORITY FOR FUTURE AUTOMOTIVE DEPLOYMENT
Increasing levels of electronic content in vehicles result in a large amount of software that is required to run the scenes behind the mechanical aspects of a vehicle. Electronic systems in automobiles are part of every section, from the powertrain to comfort and convenience systems as well as all types of safety equipment. This makes electronics and the software running these systems a critical part of the equation for future mobility solutions. In addition, putting standards in place to measure methods of developing, testing and functioning of such electronic systems also becomes highly relevant.
“BYD'S EV STRATEGY TO ENCOMPASS MOST FORMS OF TRANSPORTATION NEEDS IN INDIA”
The country’s electric vehicle (EV) ecosystem is grappling with a plethora of challenges even as it is striving to wriggle itself out of the ‘nascent stage’ tag. In an exclusive chat with Auto Tech Review, Zhang Jie Ketsu, Executive Director, BYD India shares his perspective on the current EV scenario and how the company intends to progress faster in the Indian automotive industry
SAFETY IN ELECTRIC AND AUTONOMOUS CARS – SIMULATION OF COMPLEX CRASH SCENARIOS
Electric and autonomous vehicles allow for novel seating arrangements and packaging strategies, presenting new safety challenges. Physical crash testing must be supplemented with virtual simulation to ensure vehicle safety on shorter development cycles. With its Simcenter Madymo MBS software, Siemens provides improved runtimes and the Active Human model, enabling accurate and rapid occupant safety analysis in complex crash scenarios.
KIA SONET – A MIGHTY OFFERING IN THE COMPACT SUV SEGMENT
It wouldn't be wrong to say that Kia Motors India has taken the Indian market by storm in less than 12 months of its presence in the market.
NISSAN'S NEW DIRECTION: ARIYA ALL-ELECTRIC
Marking a key milestone in Nissan’s transformation strategy, Ariya ticks a lot of boxes highlighting the strengths of the global automotive giant.
BETTER SAFETY WITH EMERGENCY BRAKE ASSIST FOR MOTORCYCLES
Rear-end collisions with a slower vehicle suddenly cutting into the lane and intersection accidents with cross-traffic are among the most frequent motorcycle accident types. Continental is now developing an emergency brake assist, which detects an imminent collision with a vehicle ahead or with an obstacle, warns the rider and supports him during braking
ADAS WILL SERVE AS CATALYST FOR IMPROVED VEHICLE SAFETY
The automotive industry across the globe is increasingly focussing on safety.
Sound Generation For Enhanced Road Safety
With an ever-increasing number of fully electric and hybrid vehicles entering the market, we are witnessing a change in the acoustic experience in and around the car. The silent nature of the electric powertrain means that other road users miss the familiar acoustic cues that warn them of an approaching vehicle. To remedy this situation, Harman is working on various noise management solutions.
UF/IFAS Professor Leads Effort to Establish Pomegranates in Florida
GROWING UP IN IRAN, Ali Sarkhosh worked on the family’s pomegranate farm, which has thrived for four generations.
The Greening Challenge
Executive Director of CRDF Tweaks Approach to Research
SIGNS of the SEASON
Cantaloupe Thrive in Florida’s Warm Climate
Minor Scores Major Win
Longwood Boy Places Second in Inaugural Cooking Competition by PAUL CATALA photos provided
GSA graduates 76 at June 13 commencement
BLUE HILL—Fair skies, seasonal temperatures, hugs, tears of joy, cheers and optimism set the tone for the George Stevens Academy Class of 2021 commencement.
Prepare for the Worst, Hope for the Best
AS ANY TRUE FLORIDIAN WILL TELL YOU, June marks the beginning of the hurricane season. And while Floridians pride themselves on their unflappable nature when it comes to crisis prep, it would be reckless to think a hurricane couldn’t bring this state to its knees. The agriculture industry, in particular, has a lot to lose if a storm targets our state. And unlike the cone of certainty, one thing is certain: Hurricanes can, and have historically, taken a toll on the agriculture sector. The damage can be catastrophic.
Longtime area pastor Vencill to come out of retirement
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In The Heartland Highlands County
New UF/IFAS Extension Director Takes Lifetime Work in Ag, 4-H to the Next Level
Grassroots group seeks collaborative solutions for climate adaptations
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Building Premier Blueberry Breeding Headquarters
TO BUILD A BETTER BLUEBERRY, the University of Florida’s Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences is building a better blueberry lab. By mid-2022, we expect to complete U.S. higher education’s premier blueberry breeding headquarters.