One of the questions that I am often asked relates to exposures. It goes something like this: “There are several metering modes and exposure modes on my camera. Which one should I use?” “Which is the easiest-to-use exposure mode?” And so on.
Let’s start with the ‘exposure’, ‘exposure meter’ and ‘exposure modes’ within our cameras. An ‘exposure’ is a combination of the correct ISO (film/ sensor sensitivity), aperture and shutter speed – the three fundamental settings in using our cameras. The ‘exposure meter’ reads the brightness of the light and helps us in setting the proper exposure. Our cameras offer a couple of exposure metering modes — Evaluative/ Matrix, Centre-weighted, Spot, Highlightweighted and in the case of Canon cameras, also Partial metering. Since we want to keep this simple, we will not go into how the different exposure meters work (you may check our earlier issues; this is a topic that is often covered).
Let’s first see which exposure modes are available to us and how they work. We have: A (Aperture Priority, pic 1); S (Shutter Priority, pic 2); P (Program, pic 3) and M (Manual, pic 4). Note: Canon prefers to call Aperture Priority as Aperture Value (Av) and Shutter Priority as Time Value (Tv).
How do they work?
The first thing you need to do for any kind of exposure mode is to set the sensitivity (ISO). This, most often is ISO 100.
• Aperture Priority: You set the aperture of your choice (depending on the depth of field you desire) and the camera automatically picks up what it considers as the appropriate shutter speed. Note: For greater depth of field, you set a narrow aperture (like f/11 or f/16) and for shallow depth of field, you set a wider aperture (like f/4 or f/2.8 etc.)
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Roshan was born and brought up in Ranchi. Professionally, he is a Gazetted Officer in the Judiciary Department of the govt. of Jharkhand. Roshan is fascinated by Macro Photography. “I used to get allured with the pictures covering delicate details of the unseen macro world- especially tiny insects, which ultimately triggered my passion towards macro photography. My journey as a Macro Photographer started in the last quarter of the year 2018. Though I rarely get time to pursue photography due to my profession, but, whatever time I manage, I love spending it with my ‘macro subjects’. Some of my favourite venues for Macro photography are Horhap Jungle, Ranchi, Birsa Zoo, Ormanjhi and of course my own garden.”, says Roshan. Instagram: @macro_roshan
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Ashok Kandimalla has been in the photographic field for over three decades and has extensive experience in both film and digital photography. Being an electronics engineer by profession and a photographer, he possesses a unique and deep insight into the technical aspects of digital photography and equipment. He has published more than a 100 articles on photography and some of his writings have also been published in the well-known international magazine Popular Photography. An avid collector of photographic books and vintage cameras, Ashok has a keen interest in the history of photography and a passion for sharing his knowledge on photography through teaching and writing. He is the only Indian photographer to be featured on the Nikon Centenary website. He is presently working as a Management and Engineering consutant. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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