Mob Mentality
The Caravan|September 2020
How the Modi government fuels a dangerous vigilantism

On 11 August, three journalists from The Caravan were following up on a story they had recently reported from northeast Delhi. Two Muslim women and a teenager had stated that they were sexually harassed while attempting to lodge a complaint at the Bhajanpura Police Station. The complaint was about a Hindutva mob—drawn from local residents of the area—that had marched through the neighbourhood, raising communal slogans to celebrate the bhoomi poojan for the construction of the Ram temple, which took place in Ayodhya on 5 August. Instead of registering a first-investigation report, the women told the reporters, the police assaulted them. After speaking to the complainants again for the follow-up story, the reporters had stopped to take photographs of a street adorned with saffron flags.

In a matter of minutes, they found themselves surrounded by a group of hostile men and women demanding to know what they were doing there and why they were taking pictures. The three journalists, including Shahid Tantray and Prabhjit Singh, are responsible for the magazine’s sustained coverage of police inaction over the violence against Muslims that took place in the same area in February. When they told the people gathered there that they were from the media and only doing their job, it increased tensions, and the crowd soon swelled into a mob. The mob’s immediate suspicion of the media is emblematic of the Narendra Modi years. This distrust is a result of a carefully calibrated ecosystem that has produced mainstream channels that act as propaganda outlets of the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party, and the organised use of social media, which is swarming with trolls whose job is to harass those who raise questions against the government. The mob, which attacked the reporters and sexually harassed one of them, was led by a man who identified himself as a BJP office-bearer.

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