The agreement was the first step in ending the four-decade-long war in the country which was rife with internal and external challenges unleashing unfathomed human rights excesses for Afghan citizens. Post-September 2021, the full control of Afghanistan shall be in the hands of the Taliban, with the world looking at how the nation fares alone and independent an anarchic world system.
The US is leaving; what now?
A joint declaration announced by Afghan President Ashraf Ghani and US Secretary of Defence Mark Esper outlined a “four-stage process for a comprehensive and sustainable peace agreement” which was expected to “culminate” into a “permanent and comprehensive ceasefire” between the Taliban and the US-allied forces. In June 2021, US President Joe Biden remarked that the withdrawal of the US and other allied forces shall be ‘absolute’ in nature and that “any residual US military presence in Afghanistan would be focused only on counter-terrorism.”
The withdrawal is expected to be completed by the end of September 2021, sowing the seeds for a 360-degree turn in the role and character of the Taliban in the politics of Afghanistan with the organization increasingly being accountable for its acts and policies.
While US withdrawal from Afghanistan has been in the works for quite a number of years, many analysts argue that the sudden announcement of withdrawal of forces by President Biden wasn’t a well-thought-out move.
According to Ohio Rep. Mike Turner, a senior Republican on the house Armed Services Committee, the rapid withdrawal of US forces can be seen as “more of a surrender than a withdrawal.” The senior republican representative argued that “Biden irresponsibly abandoned Afghan forces without warning.”
With a majority of political power in the hands of the Taliban, the fragile internal and external sociopolitical construction of Afghanistan stands exposed to the temperamentalities of this ‘new- state actor.’
Challenges for the Taliban and Afghan Government
Analysts compartmentalize the Afghan crisis in three interlocking circles. The innermost of those is internal civil war and conflict that has been ongoing since April 2019. The intermediate circle involves the role and meddling of regional powers many of whom have been actively involved since 1979. The outermost ring constitutes the involvement of international forces since October 2001 which would include the United States.
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How Is The Indian Agriculture Sector Managing With The Pandemic And The Farm Laws?
Of late, the agriculture sector has been hugely impacted by the unprecedented conditions caused by the pandemic. Add to this, the twist given by the new farm laws, which have been enacted across the board, though being opposed vociferously by the farmers primarily from Punjab, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh, which they apprehend that it is a neoliberal move, which they think would lead to the loss of traditional wholesale markets and the corporatization of agriculture. Thus, the situation has become more complex and compounded.
Human Rights In Uzbekistan
Achievements and tasks for the future
A Long-Standing Relationship
India and Kuwait enjoy traditionally warm and friendly relations, rooted in history and sustained people-to-people contact. The year 2020-21 marks the 60th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between two countries. India has been a natural trading partner of Kuwait and until 1961 Indian Rupee was the legal tender in Kuwait. Till the discovery and development of oil, Kuwait’s economy revolved around its fine harbour and maritime activities which included shipbuilding, pearl diving, fishing and voyages to India on wooden dhows carrying dates, Arabian horses and pearls that were traded for wood, cereals, clothes and spices.
AN INITIATIVE TO PROMOTE PEACE, HARMONY, & PROSPERITY GLOBALLY
VISIT OF EXTERNAL AFFAIRS MINISTER Dr. S JAISHANKAR TO KUWAIT
The visit of External Affairs Minister, H.E. Dr. S. Jaishankar to Kuwait (9th-11th June 2021) was part of the enhanced political exchange on the 60th anniversary of steady and fruitful diplomatic relations between the two countries. The relation has assumed an unprecedented dimension of trust and care with the mutual pandemic outreach and assistance to each other. The visit was intended to consolidate the attainments of relations so far and expand new areas of mutual cooperation by building bridges of trust and confidence for the security and stability of the region.
INDIAN DIASPORA IN KUWAIT
India and Kuwait savor traditional close-knit ties since time immemorial due to historical trade links, geographical proximity, and cultural ties besides the presence of the Indian diaspora. India is also one of the biggest trading nations of Kuwait and the Gulf nation likewise is a significant supplier of oil to India. The Indian rupee was also the legal tender until 1961 in Kuwait and also the Indo-Kuwaiti trade revolved around textiles, horses, trade, and agricultural goods. Later, the diplomatic ties between the two countries began in 1962 when India was amongst the first nations to recognize the independence of Kuwait.
STRENGTHENING BILATERAL RELATIONSHIP
SIX DECADES OF FRIENDSHIP
INDIA NEEDS TO SHED ITS SOCIALISTIC-ERA FEAR OF PRIVATE SECTOR BIG CORPORATIONS
To become a technologically muscular nation, India needs to shed its socialistic-era fear of private sector big corporations In spite of the fact that service and consumer economy has been a major contributor to India’s GDP, it’s not good enough to meet the rising aspirations of the high-tech digital generation; nor does the service economy enable India to face the complex challenges of national defense, diplomacy, and international trade. Service economy does not create muscle power.
THE CHINESE PLAYBOOK
INFRASTRUCTURAL REVOLUTION GIVES WAY TO NEW GLOBAL POWER
THE AFGHAN CONUNDRUM
On 29 February 2020, the government of the United States and the Taliban signed an agreement in Doha which shall ensure self-determination for Afghanistan.
Pakistan sees a victorious Taliban in Afghanistan to the west and a partner in China to the East. But the U.S. is at odds with both, pushing leader Imran Khan into a delicate balancing act.
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