It lies largely on the convergence of interests and the limited points of divergence on a whole range of issues of mutual concern. The foundation for the bilateral at one level can be traced to the early decades of the Indian Republic, when the transfer of the French colonial possession Pondicherry, now Puducherry, to the Indian Union was a peaceful process. The de facto transfer happened in 1954 and by mutual consent. This was followed by de jure transfer two years later in 1956. Though it took the French Parliament time till 1962, owing to internal differences, nothing was done to alter the status on the ground during the period. It was devoid of the kind of strains and bitterness attaching, for instance, to India taking over the Portuguese colony of Goa, Daman and Diu, in 1961, after New Delhi’s requests did not evoke a favourable response from Lisbon. Portugal recognised the transfer only in 1974.
Notwithstanding the Anglo-French animosities in Europe, which they took to their colonies, product of the famous political Revolution nearer home, the French were sympathetic to the cause of ‘Liberty, Equality and Fraternity, across the world. Thus, a lesser-recognised fact of the pre-Independence era was that Pondicherry had provided shelter to freedom activists like Sri Aurobindo and Tamil poet, Subramania Bharati when the British-Indian police was after them. The foundations of post-Independence bilateral ties were thus laid on this solid foundation, and the resultant bonhomie is reflected in the broad areas of cooperation that range from outer space to nuclear science and from military sales and maritime cooperation.
The most visible domain of India French ties relates to military and security ties. While the bulk of India’s military hardware is of Soviet/ Russian stock, and the US, in recent years, France has been a silent partner through the Cold War and post-Cold War decades. French-made systems are integral to the Indian defence systems, covering the full spectrum from submarines (Scorpène class) to combat aircraft. Before Rafale fighter jets, which are among the latest Indian defence procurements overseas, the Indian Air Force (IAF) had inducted Mirage-2000, beginning 1985, again against heavy competition.
What more, unlike other defence imports, India’s French connection has been devoid of ideological hiccups of the past American kind. Nor have they been adversely affected by political or military developments in the region, or elsewhere in the world. France does not promote and project its defence commerce from global rooftops, with a result they are mostly devoid of avoidable sensationalism or controversies that have at times affected similar supplies from other nations. That includes the supply of spares when India needed them the most.
Going Beyond Security
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How Is The Indian Agriculture Sector Managing With The Pandemic And The Farm Laws?
Of late, the agriculture sector has been hugely impacted by the unprecedented conditions caused by the pandemic. Add to this, the twist given by the new farm laws, which have been enacted across the board, though being opposed vociferously by the farmers primarily from Punjab, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh, which they apprehend that it is a neoliberal move, which they think would lead to the loss of traditional wholesale markets and the corporatization of agriculture. Thus, the situation has become more complex and compounded.
Human Rights In Uzbekistan
Achievements and tasks for the future
A Long-Standing Relationship
India and Kuwait enjoy traditionally warm and friendly relations, rooted in history and sustained people-to-people contact. The year 2020-21 marks the 60th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between two countries. India has been a natural trading partner of Kuwait and until 1961 Indian Rupee was the legal tender in Kuwait. Till the discovery and development of oil, Kuwait’s economy revolved around its fine harbour and maritime activities which included shipbuilding, pearl diving, fishing and voyages to India on wooden dhows carrying dates, Arabian horses and pearls that were traded for wood, cereals, clothes and spices.
AN INITIATIVE TO PROMOTE PEACE, HARMONY, & PROSPERITY GLOBALLY
VISIT OF EXTERNAL AFFAIRS MINISTER Dr. S JAISHANKAR TO KUWAIT
The visit of External Affairs Minister, H.E. Dr. S. Jaishankar to Kuwait (9th-11th June 2021) was part of the enhanced political exchange on the 60th anniversary of steady and fruitful diplomatic relations between the two countries. The relation has assumed an unprecedented dimension of trust and care with the mutual pandemic outreach and assistance to each other. The visit was intended to consolidate the attainments of relations so far and expand new areas of mutual cooperation by building bridges of trust and confidence for the security and stability of the region.
INDIAN DIASPORA IN KUWAIT
India and Kuwait savor traditional close-knit ties since time immemorial due to historical trade links, geographical proximity, and cultural ties besides the presence of the Indian diaspora. India is also one of the biggest trading nations of Kuwait and the Gulf nation likewise is a significant supplier of oil to India. The Indian rupee was also the legal tender until 1961 in Kuwait and also the Indo-Kuwaiti trade revolved around textiles, horses, trade, and agricultural goods. Later, the diplomatic ties between the two countries began in 1962 when India was amongst the first nations to recognize the independence of Kuwait.
STRENGTHENING BILATERAL RELATIONSHIP
SIX DECADES OF FRIENDSHIP
INDIA NEEDS TO SHED ITS SOCIALISTIC-ERA FEAR OF PRIVATE SECTOR BIG CORPORATIONS
To become a technologically muscular nation, India needs to shed its socialistic-era fear of private sector big corporations In spite of the fact that service and consumer economy has been a major contributor to India’s GDP, it’s not good enough to meet the rising aspirations of the high-tech digital generation; nor does the service economy enable India to face the complex challenges of national defense, diplomacy, and international trade. Service economy does not create muscle power.
THE CHINESE PLAYBOOK
INFRASTRUCTURAL REVOLUTION GIVES WAY TO NEW GLOBAL POWER
THE AFGHAN CONUNDRUM
On 29 February 2020, the government of the United States and the Taliban signed an agreement in Doha which shall ensure self-determination for Afghanistan.
THE GAME CHANGER
INSIDE DHD’S RECORD-SETTING DURAMAX
Building Community Through Education
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Indiana health officials said they are notifying nearly 750,000 state residents that a cybersecurity company “improperly accessed” their personal data from the state’s online COVID-19 contact tracing survey — a description the company disputed as a “falsehood.”
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