According to media reports, a team led by Colonel Santosh Babu of 16 Bihar Regiment set out to hold a discussion with the Chinese side on June 15 as PLA troops were not returning back to their territory as per their commitment. During the discussions, the Chinese PLA deliberately aggravated the situation and PLA soldiers attacked the Indian delegation with sticks, stones and post wrapped in barbed wire.
The Galwan Valley is a home of Galwan River which flows from the Aksai Chin (now under China) region of Ladakh of India. The river is named after Ghulam Rasood Galwan, a Ladakhi explorer of Kashmiri descent, who first explored the course of river. The length of the river is about 80 kms and it is a fast flowing river which is also known as “River of Sorrow”. The climate is harsh with difficult terrain and variation in topography.
China is notorious and is into dispute with almost all its neighbours. It is the world’s most populous country in the world and third largest in the area. It has the largest number of neighbours (14), sharing its 22000 kms of land borders namely: North Korea, Russia, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam. China’s policy of expansion of state like an organ is responsible for its dispute with all its neighbours. China has the biggest outstanding border issue with India.
INDIA AND CHINA
The seed of border dispute between India and China has a historical perspective. Full length details cannot be discussed here due to paucity of space. However, it will be relevant here to mention that in 1954, when relationship between India and China started to become strain due to border dispute and Chinese troop began to violate the North East Frontier of India (now called Arunachal Pradesh). Pandit Nehru wrote a letter in 1959 to the Chinese Prime Minister informing him that he has recognized the North-East boundary of India during his last visit to India (according to the White Paper on China published by Government of India in Page 43). In reply Chinese Prime Minister, refused to accept the McMohan Line, terming it as a bio-product of British Policy of aggression against Tibetan Region of China. Ever since, the dispute is going on. China’s war of 1962 was a blow to India. Before the war, India-China Bhai Bhai (Indian and Chinese are brothers) was the slogan given by China.
China believes in the policy of deception. In spite of the fact that Mr. Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India visited China almost around 14 times to give a boost to diplomatic relationship, which it appears to have failed. It has kept border dispute with India alive, in spite of having a good volume of trade and commerce. With it, it has continued to build infrastructure in the borders and developed air-base at different strategic location. This includes additional construction activities at Nagari-Kunsha Airport – which is just 200 kms from Pangong Lake at an altitude of 1.4000 sq feet. NDTV reported that additional construction activities at this airport were seen and four Fighter Jets were spotted at the airport, which only indicates the dirty game plan of China. The process from Indian side was started a bit late. It has gained momentum since 2014 and the country is in a position to give a befitting reply to the PLA, if needs arise. The Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi, while addressing the all party meet, did give a hint that extreme sacrifices of Indian soldiers will not go in vain. The moral of the army is high and support level from the government is available efficiently.
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