Humankind has battled rats and mice since before recorded history. Not only are they repulsive little varmints, but they apparently dislike us as well because they have killed us by the millions!
Due to the fleas they carry and a propensity to eat almost anything, rats and mice are responsible for the transmission of terrible suffering. Examples include bubonic plague and New World smallpox. Outbreaks that killed only a few thousand people aren’t even noted in history. Any of those people would have gladly traded a cow and two pigs for a smoothbore .22 and an oxcart load of .22 rimfire shot cartridges.
Meanwhile, mankind invented hundreds of devices to kill rats and mice. All were quite labor-intensive. Most folks just relied on instinct, picked up a club and squashed the little beasts. The only problem is that rats are quick and largely nocturnal. They also learn to avoid humans carrying long sticks. There had to be a better way.
Development of the rimfire cartridge by Smith & Wesson resulted in the .22 Short by 1857. Loading the tiny case with shot was done, although just when is debatable. Black powder took up too much space, leaving little room for shot. Perhaps it worked for mice that were just out of club range.
Some references insist larger caliber centerfire shot cartridges came first. This would be in the 1878/80 period. Such is doubtful because these rounds contained far more shot than needed to kill a rat and were quite expensive.
I find it hard to believe that once the .22 Long case became available in 1871 that it was not immediately loaded with shot in the same manner as a brass shotshell. Black-powder, copper-cased rounds like this were disassembled years ago. They contained a pinch of powder similar to that found in firecrackers (Boys tend to take everything apart.) An overpowder wad then rested under about 18 grains of tiny misshapen shot. A thin over-shot wad held it in place. Some have argued that this is impossible because there would not be enough room for an adequate charge of black powder. This is not true. These little rounds only had an effective range of 10 or 12 feet, so a muzzle velocity of 650/750 feet per second (fps) would have been adequate. The rodents were in for a surprise.
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SHOOTERS WORLD AR-PLUS
THE SAME OLD – OVER AND OVER
LOADS FOR THE 6MM GT
LOADING THE .32 ACP
Not Easy, but Worth the Effort
Handloading Harder, Denser Shot
The Evolution of Tungsten Shot
IMPROVED COYOTE PELT LOADS
CRIMPING THE .45 COLT
BULLETS & BRASS
CIMARRON UBERTI MODEL P ORIGINAL FINISH .45 COLT
FROM THE HIP
.22 RIMFIRE SHOT CARTRIDGE
.22 CREEDMOOR EXCLUSIVE
The Ultimate Varmint Catridge?
A Plague is an Apocalypse But It Can Bring a New World
The meaning of this one is in our hands.
IN DEFENSE OF Hangovers
The head-throbbing, nauseous effects of overdrinking are an evolutionary miracle—and a prime excuse to veg.
No value in vaccinating everyone at this stage
The second wave hit India despite the vaccine rollout. And, vaccinated people are now getting infected. The vaccine was never expected to stop any wave, second or otherwise. All the Covid-19 vaccines available in the world right now have this handicap, that they cannot stop transmission of the virus. This is unlike the vaccines for polio or smallpox, which can interrupt transmission and thereby eradicate the disease eventually.
As the race to develop a Covid-19 vaccine reaches a climax, Gareth Williams explores four previous attempts to rid the world of lethal diseases, from Edward Jenner’s “delightful” war on smallpox to the rancorous battle to consign polio to the past
AGE OF VIRUS
The much-scorned, dreaded biological entities are also the highly misunderstood beings
WHO on the centre stage
The COVID-19 pandemic, with Wuhan in China as its epicenter has wreaked havoc worldwide on a monumental scale. Nations of the world were caught unawares and so was the World Health Organization (WHO). It would seem that this globally active organization has not been able to lead the world in response to the pandemic. While some countries have been trying to fight and contain the spread on their own terms, many countries rely on the WHO for its experience in handling pandemics in the past. The United States of America, and particularly President Donald Trump has been a vocal critic of the WHO. We will take a look at how the global organization has handled previous epidemics and whether its criticism is warranted.
Realigning Sustainability in the Post-pandemic World - Towards a Sustainable Planet
As the COVID-19 pandemic spreads into more regions, the national priorities are moving towards supporting the stretched health systems, hard-hit small business owners, and the labour force working in various sectors. National governments are working overtime to ensure the availability of basic necessities such as food, water and sanitation to their population. Redistributive actions, hence, have become the focus. With the general belief that the pandemic will continue for some time, though hopefully in a minor capacity, what will sustainability look like in the post-COVID-19 world? In this article, Anjula Gurtoo and Rahul Patil attempt to ignite the discussion on sustainable future to understand the various shapes sustainability can take in the new future.
The Dread Seven
Shitala is the goddess of smallpox. Sister Nivedita presents a charming account of Goddess Shitala’s personality and her worship, in this write-up titled ‘The Dread Seven’ which appears in her Studies from an Eastern Home. This selection from ‘The Dread Seven’ is taken from the second volume of The Complete Works of Sister Nivedita, p .381
From here to immunity
There’s no quick way out of the coronavirus pandemic. Vaccines need money, time and luck, says Florence Walker
भारत कोरोना से निपटने में सक्षम, स्मॉल पॉक्स-पोलियो को पूरी तरह खत्म किया
भारत विश्व स्वास्थ्य संगठन ने कोरोना वायरस के संबंध में भारत द्वारा किए जा रहे उपायों की तारीफ की है, डल्यूएचओ के कार्यकारी निदेशक माइकल जे रेयानन ने कहा, भारत में महामारी से निपटने की जबरदस्त क्षमता है, इसके पहले भी भारत कई बीमारियों के खिलाफ निर्णायक जंग जीत चुका है, उधर अमेरिका ने भी पीएम मोदी की एक देश एक आवाज को सराहा है