KASHMIR LIFE (KL): How has climate change impacted Kashmir? Or has it?
Irfan Rashid (IR): The impact of climate change on Jammu and Kashmir is very clear. There is a plethora of scientific literature on the impact of climate change on glaciers, vegetation, agriculture, incidence and frequency of extreme weather events, and livelihoods. Research has shown that the glaciers in the Jammu and Kashmir region are melting at comparatively higher rates compared to other parts of the Hindukush-Himalaya-Karakoram region.
For example, the Kolahoi glacier is one of the fastest retreating glaciers in Kashmir whose snout is depleting at ~50 m per year. Drang Drung, a 23 km long glacier in Zanskar, is retreating at ~60 m per year. Many other glaciers are showing similar recession patterns and higher mass loss.
Climate change is also affecting the vegetation distribution and composition in the region that includes the shift of treeline and proliferation of invasive species in otherwise pristine landscapes. The erratic weather patterns over Kashmir like the untimely snowfall that Kashmir experienced in November of 2018 and 2019 dented the apple industry. Even the Chillai Kalaan of 2021 was very harsh considering the climatological record of the last three decades.
KL: This winter was the harshest since 1991. Can we relate it to climate change or there could be other factors as well?
IR: Climatic change does not mean warmer temperatures only. It is, as I said, also associated with increased frequency of extremes, in this case extremely low temperatures that were experienced across Kashmir during January. However, more research needs to be done to see the impact of climatic change on atmospheric circulation patterns including western disturbance over Jammu and Kashmir.
KL: Over the years we have seen the shift in our four seasons and delayed precipitations. Why is it so?
IR: Any change in the atmospheric circulation patterns (westerlies and monsoons) operating over the Jammu and Kashmir region can have implications on temperature, precipitation, and seasonality. Though there are global factors like greenhouse gas emission responsible for this but there could be local forcing factors like anomalously high black carbon aerosols and land system changes (specifically deforestation and urbanization) that might affect regional weather regimes and their seasonality. However, it needs to be researched further.
KL: Since our glaciers are melting at a very fast pace, how will it impact our environment?
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FOR PEACEFUL SUMMER
Like Kashmir weather and politics, Indo-Pak relations are also unpredictable writes Zahoor Malik
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One of Srinagar’s oldest craftsmen, Ghulam Nabi Dar’s designs on the wood remain unmatched for their intricacy and detail, reports Khalid Bashir Gura
A RARE SCHOOL
Curriculum, poor infrastructure and unimpressive service in public schools are pushing parents to enrol their wards in the private sector schools. This is despite the fact that Jammu and Kashmir invests more than Rs 12000 crore in the education sector and has the best human resource. Now teachers of a south Kashmir government school are investing their blood and sweat to undo the trend by reimagining their school, Saifullah Bashir and Shakir Ashraf reports
SPENDING Rs 1 LAKH CR
In the second consecutive budget that Nirmala Sitharaman presented to the Lok Sabha, the major expenditures continue to remain the same, reports Tasavur Mushtaq
In the twenty-first century when faster transportation is abundant, a section of the population still prefer the slow motion, eco-friendly Tanga and those running them are not unhappy at all, reports Umar Khurshid
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The Jammu and Kashmir government has constituted Technical Committee to vet the Detailed Project Reports (DPR) for Jammu and Srinagar Smart City projects on fast track basis along with laying emphasis on employment-oriented skill development.
PLAYING WITH ICE
Shakir Ashraf meets the Kashmir ice skater who represented India in Europe
What It Takes To Sell Indian Saffron!
The saffron of Kashmir has long been considered the world’s finest, but drought is threatening the livelihood and traditions of its farming families.
जम्मू कश्मीर में अनंतनाग और शोपियां में मुठभेड़ों में चार आतंकवादी मारे गए
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The valley’s first female ensemble is trying to keep the tradition of Sufiana mausiqui alive
Game of silences
There has been a perceptible thaw in India-Pakistan relations, but the road to peace is fraught with uncertainties
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In this article, Baseera Rafiqi talks about earthquake risk factors in Jammu and Kashmir while reiterating that ignoring signs of nature could prove detrimental for the region in the long run.
Ambassador Of Socialist REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM Visits Rock Garden
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शोपियां में लश्कर-ए-तैयबा के चार आतंकवादी मुठभेड़ में ढेर
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The Name Is Khan
Meet the Kashmiri businessman who took it upon himself to give a proper burial to Covid-19 victims
WATCH ME IF YOU CAN
AS BIRDING CONTINUES TO A MASS AMATEUR FANS, WE TURN TO THE PROS FOR A HANDBOOK TO OFF-GRID SPOTS IN INDIA
ON AN ALL-TIME high
Green pines, endless pasturelands and an arena of high mountain vistas, ADIL LANGOO was rewarded with a palette of colours every single day as he traversed the relaxing terrain of Kashmir