Valuing Vanadinite
Rock&Gem Magazine|June 2020

Hmad demonstrates the only way down his well, dangling on the end of a rope from a hand-cranked winch

It’s what every crystal miner dreams of, that big pocket, the mother lode. The Brazilians have a word for it: bamburro. But such finds don’t only occur in Brazil.

As I recently learned, a new find of vanadinite in Morocco certainly qualifies as a bamburro, and it has resulted in a whole new mining rush.

I have had the opportunity to travel to Morocco several times in recent years and to visit some of the country’s many famous mineral and fossil localities. Regular readers of Rock & Gem may remember some of the articles that I have written describing some of these sites. Among these articles was one published in the May 2011 issue in which I related the story of a mining rush for vanadinite that had occurred in Morocco around the year 2000. That article was based on a visit that I made in 2008, after the rush when most of the miners had moved on. I found that visit interesting, but I was disappointed not to have been able to experience the rush in person. Well, it has happened again, and this time I got to see it.

This complexly crystalized specimen had no obvious point of attachment and was referred to as a “floater.”

Since it’s unlikely that most readers will have a copy of the May 2011 issue of Rock & Gem handy, a brief review is in order. As on previous trips, this visit to Morocco was arranged by tour leader Sara Mount of Silver Spring, MD. In Morocco, Sara works with Adam Aaronson, and his brother, Aissa. In addition to serving as tour guides, the Aaronsons are in the fossil business and have developed connections with fossil and mineral dealers across Morocco. It is through their contacts that I am able to see many of the geological riches of Morocco. My most recent trip was in October of 2019. The spring and the fall are the best times to go to Morocco; the summer can be brutally hot, and in the winter can present heavy snow in the mountains.

Morocco is an easy country to visit and is very safe for Americans. Direct flights from the US are available, and no visa is required. No vaccinations are required either. Biting insects and venomous snakes are few, though one should be careful picking up rocks as there could be a scorpion hiding underneath. The people everywhere are friendly, and I have never felt threatened in any way. I find the Berbers to be particularly welcoming.

The Berbers are the native people of Morocco. They constitute the majority of the population in many of the mining areas of Morocco, but particularly in Midelt and Mibladene, the area described herein.

A bucket on the end of an air duct funnels wind into a well for ventilation.


Vanadinite, because of its beautiful colors and interesting crystals, is a favorite among mineral collectors. It consists of lead chlorovanadate, Pb 5 (VO4)3 Cl, and it crystallizes in the hexagonal system. Vanadinite is commonly a brilliant red to orange, but may also be brown, yellow, or, rarely, white. The arsenic-rich variety, endlichite, is usually brown to a silvery gray. Crystals are commonly barrel-shaped, but may also be short and tabular, and can be of “cavernous” or “hopper” form. Acicular, fibrous, and mammillary formations also occur.

The mineral is typically found in the weathered zones of lead deposits, most commonly in arid regions. A note of caution should be taken concerning storing and displaying vanadinite specimens – sunlight will cause them to turn dark and dull. As I mentioned in my 2011 article, small bits of vanadinite can still be picked up on the surface around the old workings. However, as they have been exposed to the sun for years, they are usually a dark, dull red, rather than the bright orange-red of fresh specimens. It is thus advisable to store vanadinite specimens in the dark, or at least away from direct sunlight.

Continue reading your story on the app

Continue reading your story in the magazine



It can often feel like beauty is in short supply. But for FOUR MODELS who've helped RESHAPE FASHION, it's in a childhood MEMORY, a loved one's SCENT, a movie star's GLAMOUR, and a GLIMPSE of HOME.

5 mins read
Harper's BAZAAR - US
May 2022

Cultural Traditions to Celebrate

Each year, UNESCO compiles traditions, knowledge, skills and art from communities across the globe, in a list of “Intangible Cultural Heritage.” The chosen items are not historical monuments or artifacts, but rather “living expressions inherited from our ancestors.” In a time of rapid globalization, the list serves to recognize and celebrate cultural diversity and highlights how traditional ways of life interact with the contemporary world. From the navigation skills of Micronesian wayfarers to a thousand-year pottery tradition carried by women in northern Peru, here’s a snapshot of this year’s list.

3 mins read
January 28 - February 04, 2022



1 min read
Lens Magazine
March 2021

Food & Drink

Taste of the Holidays

3 mins read
Russian Life
November/December 2020

The Royal Treatment

Marrakech is a magical place, but making the Royal Mansour your home base for a visit is a spellbinding experience that will make you feel like legit royalty

2 mins read
Men's Journal
May - June 2020


Excavations of a bustling medieval city tell the tale of a powerful Berber dynasty

10+ mins read
May/June 2020

Into Africa

To visit Morocco is still like turning the pages of some illuminated Persian manuscript all embroidered with bright shapes and subtle lines. – Edith Wharton

7 mins read
Business Traveler
April 2020

The Brave Librarians of Timbuktu

Ever hear the expression “from here to Timbuktu”? People use the word “Timbuktu” to mean a faraway, remote, and possibly mythical place. But not only is it a real city in the north of Mali, it was once the crossroads of the world. Hundreds of years ago, caravans passed through Timbuktu, trading gold, salt, and other goods between the Middle East and Morocco. Timbuktu became a city of wealth, not just in material riches, but also in learning and ideas.

3 mins read
Faces - The Magazine of People, Places and Cultures for Kids
March 2020

Computer Glitch In France Delays Hundreds Of Flights Beyond

A computer breakdown briefly disrupted all air traffic in France and caused a cascade of delayed flights in multiple countries on Sunday (01), the last day of the European summer holidays.

1 min read
September 06, 2019

Nailing Her Marks

Con artist and fake socialite Anna Delvey had chutzpah— and a good eye for victims

4 mins read
Bloomberg Businessweek
July 29, 2019