The Basics Of Genetic Disorders
B Positive|November 2019
A gene is made up of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and is a type of genetic instruction.
Pranav Anam

Every cell present in our body with a nucleus has the same complete set of genes. genes can also be passed on from a parent to their offspring - known as an inheritance. In humans, each cell typically contains 23 pairs of chromosomes, a total of 46. Of these, 22 pairs called autosomes look the same in both males and females. The 23rd pair, the sex chromosomes differs in males and females.

However, there can be an abnormality in one or more gene - a mutation, a change in a gene or more than one gene, changes the gene’s instructions for making a protein and the protein doesn’t work correctly or is missing entirely. This can trigger a medical condition called a genetic disorder.

Some genetic differences have proven to be very important in the study of human health. Chromosomal abnormalities, a type of mutation, can lead to genetic disorders due to dysfunctional or absent proteins like in progeria and sickle cell anaemia. On the other hand, another type of genetic variation known as singlenucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) are variations which do not affect health or development.

Researchers have found SNPs that may help forecast an individual’s response or reaction to certain drugs, susceptibility to environmental factors such as toxins and risk of developing diseases. This can act as a biological marker and assist scientists in locating genes that are associated with the disease.

Preventive Tests To Tackle Genetic Disorders

Continue reading your story on the app

Continue reading your story in the magazine

MORE STORIES FROM B POSITIVEView All

Best Herbs And Spices To Kick-Back Diabetes

Charmaine D’ Souza

3 mins read
B Positive
November 2019

Need A Next Level Workout? Try Aerial Yoga

Aerial yoga is a combination of traditional yoga with Pilates, acrobatics and dance with the use of a hammock.

2 mins read
B Positive
November 2019

The Basics Of Genetic Disorders

A gene is made up of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and is a type of genetic instruction.

3 mins read
B Positive
November 2019

Hula Hoop Your Way To Fitness!

Hula hoop exercises are a super-fun way to exercise, burn calories, build strength, get rid of belly fat and also fight mental illnesses like depression.

3 mins read
B Positive
November 2019

How You're Faring On That Crush-O-Meter?

When you meet someone who is charming and interesting and if you are looking for a partner, it’s quite natural that you may develop feelings for this person.

3 mins read
B Positive
November 2019

Going Beyond Tolerance

Tolerance is being promoted in a big way today, as if it is the best thing we can do! Suppose you had a friend in your life whose house you went to every day.

3 mins read
B Positive
November 2019

How To Safely Catch The Bug Of Online Dating

Nowadays more and more people are turning to online dating sites for a chance at love, because every day, the modern world becomes increasingly technical, affecting all spheres of human life, including romantic relationships.

2 mins read
B Positive
November 2019

Exploring The Food-Culture Link

Beyond simply providing nutrients, food carries special meaning and there is more of a connection between food and culture than you might think.

3 mins read
B Positive
November 2019

Go From Flab To Fab In 3 Weeks!

Abdominal muscles are one of the most attractive parts in our body.

9 mins read
B Positive
November 2019

The Chemistry Of Peace

Everybody desires peace in their lives, but their agitated minds prevent them from experiencing peace.

3 mins read
B Positive
September 2019
RELATED STORIES

Living With Anaemia

It is easy to chalk up your constant fatigue and lethargy to just stress. But, that could be a sign of anaemia. Wandi Jama finds out everything you need to know.

4 mins read
Bona
February 2020

The Iron In Every Woman

It can be great to be a woman living in 2019. We have our first female Deputy Prime Minister and more women in our government than before.

4 mins read
Health Today Malaysia
March 2019

The Boer goat mentor who's changing lives

Stud Boer goat breeder Desré Ferreira from Vryburg in North West provides a valuable support network to developing and commercial Boer goat farmers. She started mentoring a group of about 30 farmers a decade ago, and now supports 150. Annelie Coleman reports.

6 mins read
Farmer's Weekly
April 23, 2021

Strange Malady

Mysterious diseases you never knew existed.

6 mins read
Woman's Era
April 2021

Home remedies for strengthening brittle nails

Who does not admire long beautiful nails? However, beauty of the nails lies in their health. Only healthy nails can look beautiful and stay strong. Brittle nails can be considered unhealthy making them look awful. Brittleness in nails can be the effect of many factors like aging, excessive usage of nail enamel or nail polish remover. Other conditions that can lead to brittleness in nails are fungal infections, anaemia, psoriasis, eczema, and lichen planus. For all those who want to have beautiful nails, it is important that they are given proper care on timely basis. Mentioned below are few home remedies which can strengthen the nails and keep them beautiful.

3 mins read
UNIQUE TIMES
March - April 2021

Eating right

Madhya Pradesh aims to eradicate malnutrition by giving children and women the right to nutrition

7 mins read
THE WEEK
February 28, 2021

The Roadblocks to Health

Dr Anuradha Rana shares her experience as a gynaecologist in a busy small town, and explains the roadblocks to women’s health in India

3 mins read
eShe
January 2021

Iron In The Human Diet

Iron is an essential trace mineral which serves as a carrier of oxygen to the tissues from the lungs by red blood cells.

3 mins read
Food Marketing & Technology - India
December 2020

Tired Or Iron Deficient?

How to find out if you’re low on iron

2 mins read
Woman's Day Australia
November 23, 2020

Understanding Nutritional Anaemia

Dr Lakshmi Vaswani, Assistant Pathologist, Bhatia Hospital, Mumbai, talks about anaemia due to improper nutrition and the importance of early diagnosis

4 mins read
Healthcare India
November- December 2020