When Spanish conquistadores explored the land known today as Mexico in 1519, they were dazzled by its riches. They marveled at the majestic stone buildings that graced the cities of the Aztecs who ruled the area. Beyond the cities lay fertile, irrigated fields lush with corn and other crops. And marketplaces brimmed with a great variety of vegetables and textiles.
Two years later, Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés and his men conquered the people and took control of the area in the name of King Charles I of Spain. Cortés initiated the building of Mexico City on the ruins of the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlán. The site that had once been an important Aztec city became the most important European city in the Americas.
At the time, Spain was the most powerful nation in Europe. In the years that followed Cortés’s conquest of Mexico, Spain continued to acquire territory. It claimed most of the Caribbean islands, Central America, and western South America. It seized part of Italy and sections of northern Africa. The European Low Countries (the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg) became part of Spain, as did the Philippines and much of Portugal. The Spaniards named their new possessions in the Americas Nueva España (New Spain). New Spain became a viceroyalty, which meant that it was a political entity ruled by the Spanish crown. A viceroy governed it in the name of the Spanish monarch.
Continue reading your story on the app
Continue reading your story in the magazine
Celebrating Our Southwest Heritage
A talk with Khristaan Villela
Neighbors North And South
Refugees from the Mexican Revolution in the 1910s head for Marfa, Texas.
A New Conflict Threatened The US And Mexico's Relationship
More than 60 years after the United States and Mexico fought their last battle over land, a new conflict threatened the two countries’ relationship.
The Final Piece
The dark green color in the map depicts the land that was the Gadsden Purchase.
Alta California Becomes A State
This 1750 map captures the Spanish belief—based on the Baja Peninsula—that California was an island.
From Tejas To Texas
The republic of Mexico—newly independent from Spain—faced some big problems in the early 1820s.
The Rise of New Spain
Within a couple of years of arriving in Mexico, Hernán Cortés conquered the Aztec Empire.
Rethinking A Holiday
Columbus Day has been an official U.S. holiday since 1937. But some people question the idea of celebrating Christopher Columbus’s arrival in the “New World.”
The Promise Of Gold And A Sea Route To India
The promise of gold and a sea route to India.
Did you know that the Spanish arrived in North America more than 100 years before the English settled their first colonies in Virginia and Massachusetts?
A CHANCE ENCOUNTER WITH LEAPY LEE
On vacation on the Costa del Sol in Spain, I happened across an English language newspaper named The Euro Weekly News. There was an article signed by Leapy Lee. I wondered, “How many Leapy Lees can there be in this world?” An email address was attached. I contacted him and indeed, it was the British singer of “Little Arrows” fame. “Little Arrows,” an international country rock hit in 1968, made it to No. 16 on the Billboard Hot 100 and sold three million copies worldwide. I set out to find what Leapy Lee has been doing since 1968.
Dinosauriana Imagined 13
Dinosauriana Iberiana (A Spain-ful Endeavor)
Reports of aggressive killer whales
Orcas have reportedly attacked sailboats recently off Spain and
PEPPER DORTHEA TAYLOR & WILLIAM WESLEY SELF SEPTEMBER 12, 2020 • NATCHEZ
THE SUZUKI HAYABUSA
Suzuki said the first Hayabusa invented a new category called Ultimate Sport. We said, “Yeah, right,”…until we rode it.
VITAMIN D SHOWS SUPER impressive results IN COVID-19
Results just in from a hospital trial in Spain showed vitamin D to produce phenomenal results in preventing the progression of COVID-19.
THE ART OF THE SNACK Amigo by Nai
This month's The Art of the Snack focuses on a savory destination from Chef Ruben Rodriguez who has taken culinary inspiration from his home in Galicia, Spain. NYers have the ability to enjoy a number of the dishes he grew up eating from his mother's kitchen in Spain. In addition, he gives us the scoop on the restaurant group that he is creating as well as a bit on Nai Tapas and his newest venture, Amigo by Nai.
DARCY GERBARG: THE NEW GENERATION OF 3DVR ART
Gerbarg's unique artworks are developed from cropped images taken from her 3DVR colored light sculptures, with a virtual camera, in a virtual world. The color' brush' strokes 'painted' with colored light in the virtual world (3DVR), and the entire process, exclusive of the artist's physical abstract expressionist stroke-making gestures, is digital.
There are thousands of talented tattoo artists around the world, so to be picked by a celebrity you not only need to be at the top of your game, you also need to be chill. Celebrities want to feel at home in a tattooer’s chair and put their trust in an artist who can kick it like a homie. Ganga is one of those world-class artists who has impressed the likes of Hollywood with his top-tier skillset, notably chart-topping musicians Drake, Post Malone, Chris Brown and Nicky Jam. We sat down with Ganga to uncover his meteoric rise in the industry and understand why he’s decided to make Los Angeles home.
EARTH AND INSPIRATION
The organic forms of Cocoa Vintage ceramic jewelry bring life to your look.