But it may have happened earlier, and it didn’t happen overnight. The pact for peace demanded skillful negotiations among distinct nations. And all the member nations had to agree to details for the confederacy’s structure and its Great Law of Peace. It took many years to achieve.
The Haudenosaunee people commemorate those achievements with their Peacemaker story. The epic tells how the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca nations joined together for righteousness, justice, and health.
The story begins with a wise man, or prophet, called the Peacemaker. It was during a time of conflict and violence. He hated to see the nations at war with one another. No matter who “won,” all sides suffered losses.
War also created a constant search for revenge. The Peacemaker hoped the nations would instead solve their problems through the power of reason.
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Celebrating Our Southwest Heritage
A talk with Khristaan Villela
Neighbors North And South
Refugees from the Mexican Revolution in the 1910s head for Marfa, Texas.
A New Conflict Threatened The US And Mexico's Relationship
More than 60 years after the United States and Mexico fought their last battle over land, a new conflict threatened the two countries’ relationship.
The Final Piece
The dark green color in the map depicts the land that was the Gadsden Purchase.
Alta California Becomes A State
This 1750 map captures the Spanish belief—based on the Baja Peninsula—that California was an island.
From Tejas To Texas
The republic of Mexico—newly independent from Spain—faced some big problems in the early 1820s.
The Rise of New Spain
Within a couple of years of arriving in Mexico, Hernán Cortés conquered the Aztec Empire.
Rethinking A Holiday
Columbus Day has been an official U.S. holiday since 1937. But some people question the idea of celebrating Christopher Columbus’s arrival in the “New World.”
The Promise Of Gold And A Sea Route To India
The promise of gold and a sea route to India.
Did you know that the Spanish arrived in North America more than 100 years before the English settled their first colonies in Virginia and Massachusetts?
A new Native American-owned art gallery is set to open near the end of the year in Buffalo, New York, in the middle of the Allentown historic district.
At Sue's School of Dance, the show still went on
And it’s still going on—at home