ODs include, among other, occupational asthma, bronchitis, and pneumoconiosis such as asbestosis and silicosis. Such ODs constitute ‘underlying diseases’, and as with primary health (PH) issues such as addiction, AIDS, respiratory diseases or disorders such as asthma, cancer, influenza (seasonal), pneumonia, tuberculosis, and smoking and drug or other substance abuse, marginalise the human body’s immune system in terms of fighting COVID-19.
Therefore, the built environment needs to approach the managing of COVID-19, a primary health issue, in a holistic manner, which includes emphasis on occupational health (OH) and primary health promotion (PHP) in the workplace. To date, the societal approach has included sanitising and washing hands, social distancing, temperature monitoring, testing, wearing gloves, and more recently, wearing masks.
The pending re-commencement of construction post ‘phase 1’ of COVID-19 amplifies the role of all built environment stakeholders with respect to H&S, and ‘managing’ COVID-19 will require additional considerations and additional financing of COVID-19 specific interventions. These obviously have contractual ‘financial’ and ‘programme’ implications. However, the collective challenge is two-fold, namely current and future projects. In the case of current projects, the contract documentation, including cost and time parameters will have to be reviewed, in addition to client baseline risk assessments (BRAs), ‘designer’ and ‘contractor’ H&S specifications, design hazard identification and risk assessment (HIRA), ‘designer’ reports, construction HIRA, H&S plans, method statements, safe work procedures (SWPs), and safe operating procedures (SOPs).
Historical challenges to the fore
The advent of COVID-19 has highlighted three historical industry challenges in the form of transportation of workers which has not reflected compliance, which in turn, has resulted in a high level of motor vehicle accidents (MVAs) in the course of employment.
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Office space: a view of the future
TO BUILD asked partners of a large South African architectural firm what their views were on the future of office space and whether the concept of dedicated office parks could survive in the next decade, especially in a post-pandemic world.
Country chic – stylish and sustainable
Our much loved South African country areas do not have to stand back for the city places when it comes to decor and refurbishment. Proof of this comes by way of an amazing refurbishment done at the Sanddrif holiday resort and working farm. Situated in the central Cederberg area of the Western Cape, the farm is a comfortable 4 hours’ drive from Cape Town, during which time you climb to 1 036 metres above sea level.
Unlawful occupation of property and the stay of eviction proceedings
Implications for property owners and developers: the unlawful occupation of property.
An architect's view
According to historians, New Year’s Day has been celebrated for over four millennia. But this time, we had to dig really deep to find the good that came from 2020. On the other hand, we could talk for hours about what went wrong. However, to have this conversation is senseless; because it is clear that nobody was left unaffected by the absolute devastation that 2020 brought to this planet. Like a tsunami, the COVID-19 virus hit every shore, on every continent, leaving nothing but destruction in its wake.
Work Surfaces — An International Case Study
Nestled in the foothills of North Tustin, California, is the beautiful home of a well known interior designer, Hilary Hale. Amongst the well-appointed and stylish rooms, the kitchen received a visually striking counter-island to serve as the centrepiece.
Opinion: Tech Can Boost Infrastructure Recovery
As COVID-19 and financial constraints hinder South Africa’s plans for infrastructure development, there is likely to be greater reliance on applying innovative technologies. TO BUILD invited Consulting Partner and Principal Engineering Technologist for SRK, Steve Bartels, to share his views.
Engineering Project Provides Traffic Flow Relief
Finally handed back to the City of Cape Town by the contractors mid-last year, the Kommetjie Road upgrade in the city’s far southern suburbs took four years to complete.
Key ‘People In Construction' Issues
Key ‘people in construction’ issues The Conseil International du Bâtiment (CIB), which is known as the International Council for Research and Innovation in Building and Construction, is a worldwide network of more than 3 000 experts from 300 member organisations focused on all aspects of research and innovation in building and construction. CIB members are institutes, companies, and other types of organisations involved in research, or in the transfer or application of research results. Member organisations appoint experts to participate in CIB working commissions (WCs) and task groups (TGs).
Container Village Provides A Safe Haven For Impoverished Kids
The Jabulani Feeding Scheme, in Parkwood Estate, Cape Town, sits in an official Zone of Poverty declared by the Department of Social Development. The centre is built on reclaimed land that used to be a dumpsite, so any structure erected must be removable.
Future Of Home Design Post-Pandemic
We present an opinion by the principal architect of an established New-Delhi firm of architects, which points to the direction that residential design could take post-pandemic.
Strength Training with Asthma
Strength training combined with weight-bearing aerobic exercises helps counteract the effect of asthma medications.
Angels of Grace
This single mom is responsible for the big family you see here. Learn how she cares for hundreds of other children
Pet Allergies? Get the Facts on the Best Way to Cope
If you experience difficulty swallowing, you might have a recently recognized condition called eosinophilic esophagitis, which may be caused by food allergies.
MAKE WINTER EASIER FOR YOUR OLD HORSE
The season ahead may be hard on aging horses in cold climates but with some planning and preparation you can help yours sail through until spring.
Hygiene is Overrated
But keep washing your hands.
It didn’t dawn on me until I was safe back on the beach
Do You React to Corn?
This common veggie is hidden in multitudes of food products, and if you’re sensitive to it, you can experience everything from rashes and abdominal pain to cravings and binge-eating
दूषित हवा से गर्भस्थ शिशु को अस्थमा का खतरा
प्रदूषित हवा की वजह से शिशु के फेफड़ों पर पड़ता है बुरा असर
When the week is getting on top of you, it might be time to take a long inhale and exhale