Indian Realty In Search Of Earthquake Warning System
Governance Today|January 2017

For us all, real estate is a term synonymous with structures and buildings. These buildings can be broadly categorised into industrial, commercial and residential setups. Being a developing nation, we usually observe realty development in clusters; where industries, commercial and residential spaces, all get their separate land parcels for construction. As a result, a city is usually filled up with offices, shopping complexes and houses built on tall skyscrapers. In the meanwhile though, since industries and plant and machineries get land banks around the outskirts, these units end up surrounding a fully developed city, which in case of a natural calamity can multiply the damage.

Ramesh Kumar Raja

For any form of development, real estate sector is the backbone. Since privatisation, more and more domestic players have emerged and entered into the realty sector which is allowing our country to meet the much needed supply of housing, retail spaces and offices. This in turn shifts our focus towards the importance of having a system that can keep us safe and alarmed in case of a natural calamity.

Now, calamities can be classified in two ways, where earthquakes, tsunamis, cyclones and others arise from natural causes and won’t knock your doors before coming. On the other hand, floods, landslides and others may or may not be due to natural reasons. Having improper drainage systems and irresponsible ways of construction on hilltops can cause floods and landslides, where nature cannot be regarded as a reason. Tsunamis and cyclones are likely to hit the coastal regions more and usually give us some time to prepare and evacuate; but Earthquakes do not give us time to even react. With modern day technologies and equipments, developers are working very hard towards structural stability and soundness. But all can still go in vain when you’re sitting right above the seismic zones 4 and 5, where Earthquakes can hit at magnitudes of over 7 and 8. Developers in India have access to RCC framed structures and ball bearings installed under the base of structures that allow the buildings to become resistant. “Modern day construction techniques and equipments can allow the structures to become resistant to some extent only. It does not mean that the structure won’t shake during an earthquake or there won’t be any damage to the property. It simply means that structures will hold there ground but doesn’t guarantee safety of life or property. Indian structures located especially under seismic zones 4 and 5 require systems that can alarm the inhabitants in case of an earthquake,” shares Bijender Goel, MD, Terra Techcom Pvt. Ltd.

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