Farming is an important economic activity in South Africa, providing an income for large- and small-scale farmers, as well as jobs to thousands of people. Over the past few years, there has been an increase in the demand for animal products, such as meat and milk, and the dairy industry has been meeting this demand. The intake of unprocessed milk in South Africa increased 4,8% year-on-year in 2018. While raw milk is considered very desirable in parts of the country, it poses many possible safety hazards, such as a susceptibility to bacterial contamination. For this reason, the dairy industry has improved various technologies to ensure the safety and quality of milk.
A SNAPSHOT OF THE DAIRY MARKET
South Africa’s secondary dairy industry consists of a few large processors operating nationally, a growing number of processors who operate in more than one region, a large number of smaller processors who operate in specific areas, and several milk producers who sell their own produce to retailers and consumers, known as producer-distributors (PDs). The number of PDs decreased by 60% from January 2009 to March 2019, and milk processors decreased 32% over the same period. In South Africa, 98% of the milk produced is sold formally to commercial processors, which is different to the situation in most other African countries, where milk is mostly sold to smaller processors.
In 2018, the South African dairy market was divided into 62% liquid and 38% concentrate products. Pasteurised liquid milk and ultra-high temperature (UHT) milk are the major liquid products, while hard cheese is the main concentrated product.
The increase in milk production over the past few years can be attributed to an increase in the demand for fresh milk and about a 20% increase for milk products such as soft cheeses and flavoured milk.
PRODUCT SAFETY AND QUALITY
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An endangered bird is forgetting its song
Researchers from the Australian National University have found that in areas where there are very small populations of the critically endangered regent honeyeater, the songs of the remaining wild males vary remarkably. Tragically, in some cases, the birds have even adopted the songs of other species.
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By giving your horse vegetable oil, you will improve its coat and condition, without the side effects of high sugar rations, says Dr Mac.
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Most of us grew up with the idea that milk and other dairy products were key to strong bones, sturdy muscles, and robust health. But as we learn about the health risks associated with dairy, more people are ditching it. If you’re one of them, here’s what you need to know about a dairy-free diet.
Gluten and dairy restriction:OUR CHILDREN DESERVE BETTER!
When children experience respiratory, digestive, behaviour, or other health challenges, many parents naturally seek out dietary solutions. Unfortunately, the prevailing confusion in this area provides fertile ground for misconceptions and counterproductive dietary fads. Among contemporary trends, avoiding gluten and/ or dairy products are two of the most popular. Does taking your children off gluten or dairy really help? Do such recommendations rest upon fallacy or fact? As it turns out, though born of legitimate concerns, the impulse to discontinue gluten or dairy products is generally misguided, and may distract parents from truly important steps that can help kids to eat right, grow, and thrive.
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