In the 1890’s, the family of A. J. Smitherman moved to Oklahoma where he later founded the Tulsa Star newspaper. This black newspaper in Greenwood was crucial to the edification and education of African Americans on their legal rights regarding court rulings and or legislation pertinent to their community.
The establishing of a district by black people and for Black people was not only borne out of a need to be self-sufficient.
The Jim Crow laws of the day meant that there was a separation of black and white communities. The railway tracks running through the district; separated black communities from white communities.
This made Gurley and Stratford’s vision for a Black economy more relevant. Though a haven for racially oppressed blacks, Tulsa was extremely segregated and Oklahoma became increasingly racist after gaining statehood. This made it difficult to find places for businesses in Tulsa.
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EDUCATION SYSTEM IN GHANA
High School teachers in Ghana have been on strike for the past week for non-payment of some teachers’ salaries. It also happens to be the examination week before the Christmas break. A High School teacher I spoke with confirmed he had not been paid for three months. Other teachers mentioned higher figures.As at Friday the 13th of December 2019, serious negotiations behind closed doors had been ongoing between the Teachers’ Union and the Ghana Education to resolve the impasse.That, in a nutshell, sums the state of education in Ghana.
BLACK WALL STREET
Prior to the massacre of May 31, 1921, when a mob of white men over two days burnt the black district of Greenwood to the ground, it was one of the most Affluent African American districts in the entire United States.Founded on Indian Territory in 1906 by Mr. O.C. Gurley and his family, a wealthy land owner, who purchased 40 acres of land in Tulsa, named it Greenwood after a Mississippi town. Gurley was able to purchase this land through the Dawes Act. A US Law that gave land to individual Native Americans and many Black Sharecroppers looking for better opportunities in a post-Civil War era and from racial oppression.Oklahoma was considered a safe haven and became home to more than 50 black townships in the State.
6 Ways To Help Cope With Holiday Stress
While the holidays are meant to be a festive time surrounded by family and friends, it is not uncommon to experience an increase in stress or anxiety during this time. Between busy travel schedules and crowded shopping malls, it can be hard to feel confident that everything will get done in time. The tips below will help you keep your stress at a manageable level, while reminding you of what is most important during the upcoming holiday season!
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