SCRAPPAGE & ELVS
Commercial Vehicle|February 2021
With scrappage policy back in news, attention to ELVs is made necessary once again.

A visit to Delhi’s Mayapuri scrap market or Mumbai’s scrap market, and the unorganised nature of India’s scrappage industry is at once apparent. No norms of scientific disposal of waste are followed. A good part of what could be recycled is lost, degrading the soil in the region and contaminating water streams and various natural resources in the region. Not counting the damage it would cause to the human beings working there. Any estimate about environment recuperation is hard to come by, and a reason enough to encourage the proliferation of an organised End-of-Life Vehicle (ELV) industry. In 2015, the Automotive Indian St nd d Committee under Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH) framed the Automotive Industrial Standard 129 (AIS 129) for reuse, recycling and material recovery from autos. Since then, the focus of Indian auto industry has increasingly turned to designs that support vehicle refurbishment or recycling. They have outlined the role of material designers; the role of material advancements at the component design stage, and at the manufacturing stage.

All this is however not as easy as it sounds. There’s an amount of complex engineering attached to it. There’s the traceability chain that runs from the raw material to the automobile nearing the end of its life. It is not devoid of challenges, but also the one with growing opportunities The importance of Standard Committee under opportunities. The importance of the best. the automotive recycling industry set to grow exponentially as the announcement of a scrappage policy would add more value or cash to it, technology would be the driver of the future. It would help maintain the standards of auto recycling practices specified by the government. With education and training, insurance, and salvage poised to be the key drivers of the scrappage industry in India, much like they are in even the most advanced markets of the world, a brighter and safer future beacons. Especially for those who work in the current scrap markets with little knowledge or awareness for what they are exposed to; the amount of radiation or hazardous materials that they are exposed to. Clearly, the current ELV recycling scenario in India is not the best

INDIA’S ELV RECYCLING SCENARIO

A visit to Delhi’s Mayapuri scrap market and it does not take long to understand the grim conditions under which people work. The air standards could be easily worse than those that often prevail in the capital city. Against the fast rising number of vehicles in the region, it does really bode well. Not until scientific ways to deal with ELVs are found and invested in. Expressed Ashim Sharma, Partner and Group Head, Business Performance Improvement Consulting (Auto, Engg. & Logistics), Nomura Research Institute, that India would have more than 22 million ELVs by 2025. They would have a potential to generate Rs.32,700 crore worth of scrap value, he added. Of the opinion that 1.2 million heavy trucks and buses at a scrap volume of two million tonnes would be valued at Rs.8000 crore, Sharma averred that setting up of organised recycling facilities for ELVs makes for ample business opportunity. Pointing at 0.7 million three-wheelers producing a scrap volume of 0.3 million tonnes valued at Rs.700 crore, he stated that efforts to build an organised scrappage industry in the country would result in significant raw material savings, landfill space-saving and job creation.

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