A BRAINY AFFAIR – EPILEPSY. FAQs, SYMPTOMS, CAUSES AND MANAGEMENT PROTOCOL
Creature Companions|June 2021
Brain, a beautiful organ which controls our body. Every tiny minute microscopic cell is managed effectively by this amazing organ – brain.

We all know the importance of brain and how crucial it is for our Survival. Without our brain’s optimal functioning, we cannot breathe properly, nor can we even exist in a nutshell! No words can emphasize enough the importance of this God’s wonderful creation – Brain

Brain has the ability to control the spinal cord as well as certain chemical substances called as the Neurotransmitters which helps in transmission of nerve impulses which in turn acts upon our tissues and cells to bring about the desired actions. Sometimes however, there’s malfunctioning of these Neurotransmitters, along with nerves which leads to certain conditions and diseases. Epilepsy being one of them.

Today, let’s discuss about a serious condition which affects our pets. Let’s read more about epilepsy –

WHAT IS EPILEPSY?

Epilepsy is a disorder in which nerve cell activity in the brain is disturbed, causing seizures.

Epilepsy is a brain disorder which causes the brain to malfunction and trigger seizures. This condition is also alternatively termed as “Seizures Disorder”. We can say that Epilepsy is a broad umbrella term and the causes (what triggers this) are many. However, Epilepsy is a chronic condition or disorder, wherein there are recurrent, unprovoked seizures. Your Veterinarian will diagnose your pet with epilepsy if they have two unprovoked seizures in a short span of time back to back that were not caused by some pathological condition or disease-causing microorganisms. Sometimes, Idiopathic epilepsy, [which is the most common cause of seizures in the dog] is an inherited disorder.

Epilepsy can occur at any age, and any species of dog can be affected. However there are some breeds which are specifically prone to it (yet, it’s a debatable topic).

A seizure is also commonly called as fits. There is loss or derangement of consciousness, alterations in mental awareness from non-responsiveness to fainting, Involuntary urination, defecation or salivation, nonrecognition of owner,etc.

WHAT IS THE CAUSE OF EPILEPSY?

Epilepsy should be looked upon as an umbrella term like mentioned before since there are many conditions which may trigger it. Let’s look into the causes

1. Poisoning

2. Kidney disease

3. Liver disease

4. Traumatic injury to the head

5. Imbalance of Electrolytes

6. Blood Sugar fluctuations – High or low blood sugar

7. Anemia

8. Encephalitis, Meningitis, etc.

9. Idiopathic reasons

WHAT EXACTLY HAPPENS DURING A SEIZURE? HOW WILL I NOTICE IT?

A typical seizure consist of three components:

A. Pre-ictal Period

B. Ictal Period and

C. Post-ictal Period.

A. PRE ICTAL PERIOD

Pre-ictal refers to the state or period immediately before the actual seizure.

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