Babur’s grandson, Mughal emperor Akbar moved his capital from Agra to Fatehpur Sikri from 1571 AD to 1585 AD. At that time, the city was designed for 2.5 lakh population which is spread over 500 hectares enclosing a wall with eight major gates from three sides. On one side was an artificial lake made by Akbar. Fatehpur Sikri is an amalgamation of native Indians and Muslim immigrants eventuated in a prolific way in the realm of literature, art, music, technology and architecture. Akbar, the great Mughal, is recognised for his religious tolerance. With the power of his influential personality and eclectic approach, he unified the various artistic traditions and architectural styles in the design of his new capital city, Fatehpur Sikri.
This city is a great example of Indo-Islamic architecture. It was formerly merely a village called Sikri. It was a royal capital, a centre of art and culture and at its spiritual heart there is a Sufi Dargah that has drawn Muslim and Hindu pilgrims for centuries. It is situated about 40km away from Agra. The place is considered as a World Heritage Site since 1986. The city has a significance of its own. Emperor, Akbar built the entire city in red sandstone to celebrate the birth of his son Saleem and also to pay respect to the Saint Sheikh Saleem Chisti. In a political point of view, this area connected Rajasthan to Agra for trading. The art and architectur