It was first tried out in combat after the United States provided the South Vietnamese Army with various types of heavy weaponry under the ‘Military Assistance Command, Vietnam’ (MACV) scheme. The M113 became the most widely used armoured vehicle during the Vietnam War. Due to the ease with which it could break through dense jungle vegetation, it earned the nickname ‘Green Dragon’ by the Viet Cong.
A notable feature of the M113 was its aluminium alloy hull. Thick enough to protect the crew and passengers from small-arms fire, it made the vehicle light enough to be air-portable and moderately amphibious. While the M113 series have long been replaced by the M2 and M3 Bradleys as front-line vehicles, large numbers are still used in support roles.
Second only to the U.S Army, the largest user of the M113 is the IDF. Following the capture of several Jordanian vehicles during the Six-Day War, Israel began to receive a quantity of better armoured M113A1s from the U.S. Since then, they have served in all of Israel’s wars and operations, including the Yom Kippur War, Operation Peace for Galilee, the First and Second Intifadas, the Second Lebanon War, Operation Cast Lead and Operation Protective Edge. It is estimated that around 10,000 M113s have served with the IDF in various forms; m