The former was documented in the language of Sanskrit and the other in the language of Tamil. The former was called Ayurveda and the latter was named as Siddha. A tall and hefty personality, sage Dhanvantri was the chief promoter of Ayurveda medicine while a short and small person Maharishi Agasthya, mainly promoted the Siddha medicine.
However, these two parallel systems of the Indian Medicine have remarkable similarities. Both produce, three forms of drugs, the powder, the oil and the paste. Both depend for their diagnosis on the three basic doshas, or causes that exist in the physical state. Both recognize the three gunas that affect the mental state.
In course of time, both the systems adopted the three main sources available, i.e., herbs, minerals and metals, for the manufacture of their medicines. Both systems evolved similar procedures, for purification and refinement of those raw materials. Yet both these systems, maintained their individual specialty.
Both Ayurveda and Siddha systems of medicines, declared that, a doctor has to treat not only the disease but also the patient. In other words, different medicines may become necessary, for different patients, though the illness may be same. This approach is different from the western medicine.
Then again both the above systems care more for permanent remedy than for immediate relief. They also care more for curing the illness than for suppressing the symptoms. In fact many a