Despite all the ice, it is also the driest and windiest continent with the highest average elevation of the seven continents.
It is noted as the last region on Earth in recorded history to be discovered, unseen until 1820 when the Russian expedition of Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshasen and Mikhail Lazarov on their ships Vostok and Mirny, sighted the Fimbul ice shelf. The huge frozen mass however, remained largely neglected for the rest of the 19th century because of its hostile environment, lack of easily accessible resources, and isolation. In 1895, the first confirmed landing was conducted by a team of Norwegians.
Although the first landings on Antartica were done by ship, it wasn’t until 1929 when American explorer Richard Byrd and three companions make the first flight over the South Pole, flying from their base on the Ross Ice Shelf to the pole and back in 18 hours and 41 minutes.
Already famous in 1927 because of previous exploits, had little trouble finding financial backers for an expedition to Antarctica, making it the largest and best-equipped expedition that had ever set out for the southern continent. They in the autumn (SA spring) of 1928, building a large base camp called “Little America” on the Ross Ice Shelf near the Bay of Whales. From there, they conducted flights across the Antarctic continent, discovering much unknown territory.