Touriosity Travelmag|May 2020
St. Peter’s Basilica
Built between the 16th and 18th centuries, the spectacular St. Peter’s Basilica is the main landmark. It was constructed on the site of a former structure dating from the 4th century at the spot of burial of St. Peter. As one enters the portico, one notices an equestrian statue of Constantine by Bernini and fragments of a mosaic by Giotto above the main doorway. The 185m-long and 46m-tall nave rises to a dome 119m above. It can accommodate over 60,000 people at a time. Michelangelo’s Pietà, richly decorated Chapel of the Sacrament, Bernini’s tabernacle and Borromini’s bronze grille, are all to be found here. Michelangelo’s dome, held on four massive pentagonal piers, has Bernini’s magnificent Baroque bronze baldacchino and the Papal altar below. There is a bronze throne in the apse, flanked by papal tombs by Bernini. One can go to the roof and climb 330 steep steps inside the dome to the lantern for a magnificent view over St. Peter’s Square.
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