FUNCTIONAL SAFETY STANDARDS
Standards play a key role in bringing all stakeholders onto a level playing field in any industry, and this holds good for the automotive electronics space as well. The standards of ISO 26262 and SAE J3061 cater to the development of electrical and electronic (E/E) systems as well as to cybersecurity, respectively, and play a critical role in the development of electronic systems for the automotive sector, with a bias towards safety systems. ISO 26262 is applicable to E/E safety-focussed systems that are intended to be features in mass-production passenger cars with a maximum gross vehicle weight of up to 3,500 kg.
Meanwhile, the SAE J3061 standard provides guidelines related to vehicle cybersecurity. This is especially important as connected vehicles are being deployed across the globe, and are witnessing growing trends of being targets of cybersecurity attacks. SAE J3061 provides a methodology to design and develop cybersecurity into automotive systems in a comprehensive and systematic manner. It enables these systems to monitor as well as respond to incidents in the field, and to address vulnerabilities in service and operation. The standard’s unique quality lies in its ability to map a process framework for cybersecurity that any company can customise along with its development processes.
The unique feature about ISO 26262 is that it directly deals with safety standards when compared to other traditional standards. Meanwhile, SAE J3061 focusses on the code-level safety, thereby enabling secure coding practices that ensure the codes are not vulnerable to attacks. In addition, it has been observed that the auto industry has adopted multiple safety-related practices from the aerospace sector.
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