Importance of HbA1c Test in Diabetes Management

Scientific India|November - December 2019

Importance of HbA1c Test in Diabetes Management
Diabetes, describe a group of metabolic diseases in which the blood sugar level is high more than the normal.

So the monitoring of blood sugar level is very essential for all diabetic people. There are many methods of monitoring blood glucose levels i.e. regular blood sugar (it may be random sugar, fasting sugar or postprandial sugar) and an Hba1c test. Analysis of HbA1c or glycated heamoglobulin in blood provides the indication about an individual's average blood glucose levels during the previous 23 months. This is predicted the half life of the red blood cells (RBC). Now a day the HbA1c is recommended as a standard of care for testing and monitoring the diabetes. The result of this test gives a good guide to control the blood glucose level over a period of 2-3 months. It also helps in to know whether the treatment is on right path or not. The target of HbA1c value for people with diabetes is 6.5%. If the value is at this level or below, then it is control diabetic. If it is more than that, then it required some more improvement in diet restriction and life style modification to preserve the normal value. HbA1c mainly measured to determine how well a diabetes treatment plan (including medications, exercise or dietary changes) is working.

Management technique to lower the HbA1c level Following diabetes management plan can help to lower the HbA1c level;

1. Dietary modification

2. Physical activity

3. Medication

4. A combination of these.

1. Dietary modification

The HbA1c value can be very useful for reviewing how different food affect the blood sugar level and also evaluate the food included or avoided rate. First preference give to the number of meal per day, it should be five meals per day and possibly add some healthy snacks with free foods, is a great way to get started. In addition, aiming to eat the every meal at about the same times each day will make it easier to stabilize the blood sugars. Always try not to skip meals or delay eating the meals as much as possible. The diet pattern should be low carbohydrates and more vegetables portion.

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November - December 2019