HALIFAX EXPLOSION-103 YEARS AGO
A disaster occurred in Halifax, Nova Scotia, in Canada on December 6, 1917. One of the largest ‘man-made’ explosions occurred when a French cargo ship, SS Mont-Blanc, laden with high explosives, collided with SS Imo, a Norwegian vessel. A fire on board Mont-Blanc ignited its cargo, causing a gigantic explosion that devastated the district of Halifax, killing approximately 2,000 people who were caught in the blast, fire and debris. An estimated 9,500 were injured. The blast obliterated all structures within half-mile radius, as it released energy, an equivalent of 2.9 kilotons of TN. The pressure wave bent iron rails, grounded vessels, snapped trees, demolished buildings, and scattered parts of wreckage of MontBlanc kilometres across the harbour in Dartmouth. The blast even triggered a mini-tsunami wiping out a community who had lived there for generations.
TEXAS CITY DISASTER BY AMMONIUM NITRATE -1947
Texas City disaster was one of the largest non-nuclear explosions, and the deadliest industrial accident in American history. It occurred on April 16, 1947, at the Galveston Bay’s Port of Texas, in Texas. A fire started on board SS Grandcamp, also a French-registered vessel that detonated about 2,300 tons of ammonium nitrate causing a chain reaction of explosions in other ships anchored nearby and several oil-storage facilities, killing at least 580 people, including the entire team of Texas City’s fire department.
You can read up to 3 premium stories before you subscribe to Magzter GOLD
Log in, if you are already a subscriber
Get unlimited access to thousands of curated premium stories, newspapers and 5,000+ magazines
READ THE ENTIRE ISSUE
August 10, 2020