Growing tension with India
It was in 2015 when Nepal just emerged from the devastating earthquake that killed 9000 people. The country was hit by yet another tremor'border blockade', following the passage of a new constitution in Nepal on September 19, that has choked the import of various essential supplies from India, including fuel and medicines. The blockade turned out to be an economic and humanitarian crisis, which severely affected Nepals economy. The Nepal government blamed India for the blockade. Reports suggest that India demanded specific changes in the constitution, which the Indian Government denied saying that it was due to the internal protests in Nepal that have stopped the passage of supplies in the country.
Later in November 2015 after stripping the Indian-administered Kashmir's special status it was divided into two federally administered territories of Ladakh and J&K. Following which India published an updated map that consolidates its claim over the Kalapani region, which Nepal claims as its territory. Kalapani region (the 335 sq km area between the areas of Limpiyadhura and Kalapani and the Lipulekh pass), holds strategic significance because of its geography. It is the shortest trade route between India and China.
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