The state forms a group or alliance with other states based on some underpinning factors, namely political ideology, societal composition, culture, type of government, identical historical experiences. India in the IBSA Dialogue Forum, which was set up in 2003, strives to translate different preferences of Brazil and South Africa into policy choices and their different interests into unified actions through engaging in conversation and dialogue.
India as a world’s oldest civilization, biggest democracy, fastest emerging economy, and founder of the third way in international politics (NAM) viewed the present structure of the international political system unsuitable in the 21st century to address the existing and the emerging complex problems threatening international peace and tranquillity. India considers multipolar world, reform in the international political and economic institutions (i.e. reform in the United Nations Security Council, reform in the IMF and World Bank), and proper solution of socio-economic problems in the developing countries are the best-fitted response toward building peace and tranquillity in the international level. Further, developing countries should get proper representation in the policy-making in the international political and economic institutions. India believes that the IBSA can successfully garner support from developing countries for the political and economic reforms at the international level and at the same time advance development cooperation projects in the least developing countries in achieving alleviation of poverty and hunger. The concept of IBSA appeared out of the meeting between then prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee and the then President of Brazil Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and the then President of South Africa Thabo Mbeki in Evian, France on June 2, 2003 on the side-line of the G-8 Summit.
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