DESCENDING CHINA'S REVISIONIST WORLD ORDER: A CASE STUDY OF BELT AND ROAD INITIATIVE

Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Diplomatist|May 2020

DESCENDING CHINA'S REVISIONIST WORLD ORDER: A CASE STUDY OF BELT AND ROAD INITIATIVE
State Building of People’s Republic of China
VISHAL RAJPUT

Ab initio of the post-Cold War era, there is unchallenged ascendency of the United States at the throne of the International World Order. The erstwhile Soviet Union, the only antagonistic force, succumbed to the enlarge America’s containment Policy at the pivotal of Cold War episode. The suit was followed by other regional powers as well. All nations started either establishing new multifaceted relationships or ensuing the bandwagon to the US. However, over a period of time, there was an eruption of dissent amongst the international community, and the major protagonist countries were primarily Russia and China. As far as former is concerned, dissent could be justified on grounds of asymmetric implementation of liberalization process under the garb of ‘Shock Therapy’ which resulted in an unaccounted decline in the Russian economy and detrimental effect on the lives of inhabitants. However, in contrast, China since the advent of Mao Zedong’s government, it has progressed so far with undeniably the revisionist posture. Ideologically, Mao had inspired from Marx and Angel’s ideas, but rather in its pursuit to establish communist society per se, he along with his fellow comrades deviated by deliberately adopting fundamental principles of Capitalism, at the pretext of communism. Some scholars nowadays calling it ‘Market Socialism’. The reformative process has been done under the leadership of Den Xiaoping. At the same time, the Cold war was undergoing and China has started to advance itself at the helm of alleged communist leadership in the world. Internally, China has enormously built up and made its society stronger enough to face off any challenge coming from inward or outward. It has attempted various events to challenge the US leadership and make a paradigm shift in the international order.

China’s engagement on Multilateral Forums

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May 2020