Nanomedicine is an emerging field of nanotechnology, in which medical applications of nanotechnology are described. It includes the medical applications of nanomaterials, nanoelectronic sensors and biological machines for the therapeutic benefits for human beings. The nanomaterials are the materials of a size below 100 nm, and prepared by the numerous techniques (nanotechnology). Biological, chemical and medical scientists jointly exploited the unique properties of these nanomaterials or nanoparticles for various medical applications (i.e., delivering drugs to target cells and contrast agents for cell imaging ultrasound).
Functionality can be incorporated to nanoparticles by interfacing them with biological molecules or structures. Such nanoparticle becomes more potent or useful for both in vivo and in vitro biomedical research and applications. Hence, the integration of nanoparticles with biology has led to the development of rapid and more sensitive diagnostic devices, contrast agents, analytical tools, physical therapy applications and as effective drug-delivery vehicles. Nanomedicine: Applications in medical science Medical nanotechnology has explored the numerous possibilities of use of nanoparticles and nanodevices in the world of biomedicine. Certain features of nanomedicine described in the, making it popular over conventional medicines. The important areas of nanoparticle applications are discussed below:
Drug delivery and treatment of cancer:
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