Common name: Olive
Botanical name: Olea europaea
Aspect & soil: Full sun; well-drained soil
Best climate: Mediterranean, temperate
Habit: Evergreen shrub
Propagation: Seedling, cutting
Records suggest olive trees were cultivated around 5000 years ago in Syria, which makes them one of the oldest tree crops in the world.
The branches of this ancient tree were offered as a peace sign, Olympic victors were crowned with a wreath of its leaves and the golden oil made from its fruit was rubbed on gladiators’ aching muscles.
Olive trees thrive in regions of the world with Mediterranean-style climates: cool winters and hot dry summers with low humidity. They are grown in home gardens today for their ornamental beauty as well as for the fruit and oil.
GROWING AND CARE
Plant your olive tree in a full-sun spot so that it gets at least six hours of direct sunlight daily. The biggest killer of olive trees is wet feet, so make sure there’s good drainage.
You can read up to 3 premium stories before you subscribe to Magzter GOLD
Log in, if you are already a subscriber
Get unlimited access to thousands of curated premium stories, newspapers and 5,000+ magazines
READ THE ENTIRE ISSUE
Good Organic Gardening #11.3