How did you first discover riot grrrl culture?
"I was quite an oddball teenager. I didn't really like any of the things that my friends liked. At 15, I was super into vintage and cabaret culture because of Marlene Dietrich - my queer and cinematic icon. Then when I was around i8, my best friend and I made each other mix CDs, and she introduced me to Bikini Kill. We had no other friends who were into the music that we were into - they were into Jay Chou and The Pussycat Dolls, and we would be talking about Sleater-Kinney and Janis Joplin. One also needs to factor in how hard music was to discover back then. To make our mix CDs, we had to trawl through Limewire for hours and attempt illegal downloads."
What did the culture represent for you then?
"Riot grrrl culture was about taking it back. You didn't have to wait for the revolution to dismantle the patriarchy. You could and should do so in your own tiny ways, here and now... Between my best friend and I, riot grrrl culture was a kernel of self-discovery. I didn't even truly know what punk or feminism was then. As a teenager growing up in Singapore, you'd learn the Mole concept or study Shakespeare, but no one would assign Judith Butler reading, for example, So stuff like music was a gateway drug; an early entry point. That was also my Tumblr and DIY phase—I once cut three holes in a pillowcase and wore it to school."
How has riot grrrl culture evolved today?
"Riot grrrl culture and its ethos will always be relevant. At its core is a message about finding your own strategies of taking power back into your own hands. However, fashion and the media have had a historical tendency to defang and commoditise subcultures while making them more visible and accessible. I'm thinking Vivienne Westwood and the punks, Nike women ads, and the girl gaze aesthetic. Is there a way to spread messages of feminist agency into the mainstream so that we aren't always preaching to the converted in our own small silos, yet do so without making the message lose its authentic truth and subversive power?"
Who would you consider today's riot grrrls?
You can read up to 3 premium stories before you subscribe to Magzter GOLD
Log in, if you are already a subscriber
Get unlimited access to thousands of curated premium stories, newspapers and 5,000+ magazines
READ THE ENTIRE ISSUE