5 stages that need consideration from security and privacy aspect during implementation are – design, implementation, deployment, operations and disposal
Internet power to connect, communicate and remotely manage millions of networked devices is becoming pervasive. The market and nations are gung-ho about IoT phenomena globally, and so does India. As per pundits, the IoT devices count would reach to 20 to 30bn by 2020. McKinsey global institute research estimated the probable impact of the IoT on the global economy might reach $6.2tn by 2025. Along with it, the Indian market is poised to reach $15bn by 2020 as cited by a NASSCOM study ‘IoT in India - The Next Big Wave’. Consumers and organizations both are feeling the IoT gravitational pull in their respective ecosystems. Industry has also experienced the transition from closed networks to enterprise networks to public internet to deliver its business leveraging industrial internet of things (IIoT).
Industry use cases which are gaining traction are such as but not limited to:
(I) Oil, gas and mining, millions of IoT devices would be used at the extraction sites to provide insights into environmental metrics.
(II) Manufacturers are expected to leverage sensors for machine-to-machine communications, remote maintenance, worker tracking and workload optimization, etc.
(III) Agriculture where sensors would be placed underneath soil to check acidity levels, temperature and other variables that can help farmer in improving the crop yields.
(IV) Retail in which sensors on trolleys and CCTVs are used to track consumer behaviour.
(V) Healthcare where operating devices are available to the doctors from remote places to conduct surgeries without physical presence in the hospital or with the help of robots.
(VI) Smart buildings where organizations globally are already demonstrating IoT-based energy efficient solutions to connect and monitor rooftop HVAC systems.
(VII) Energy conservation to reduce carbon level emissions at home and industry via robust energy management systems leveraging smart grid devices, water quality management, controlled waste management and so on, all equipped with internet enabled sensors and gateways.
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