WHAT IS EPIGENETICS?
From its Greek roots, the word epigenetics means “in addition to” the genetic sequence. It refers to biological mechanisms that determine the expression of a gene, deciding whether the gene is active or dormant — essentially turning it on or off. The combination of genes that are turned on or off is what makes each person unique, even from his or her closest siblings.
Epigenetics is more than simply one’s inherited traits, it can also be seen as the compromise in the “nature vs. nurture” debate. Not only does epigenetics determine gene expression during fetal development and cell differentiation, it takes place throughout one’s life as genes are turned on or off based on environmental stimuli.
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