Auto LPG, which is 50 per cent cheaper than petrol and cleaner fuel, can help tackle increasing air pollution in cities, says a study.
Although the liquefied petroleum gas is mostly used for cooking in India, it can cheaply and quickly replace petrol and diesel in transport. An auto LPG industry body – which works very closely with the World LPG Association, Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers, Automotive Research Association of India and International Centre for Automotive Technology – hopesto make this fuel popular among drivers after a decade-long struggle when higher prices and subsidy held back its expansion.
But, does auto LPG hold the key to tackling air pollution in Indian cities? A recent study conducted by Marketing and Development Research Associates (MDRA) suggests that auto LPG is fast emerging as the alternative fuel worldwide, as it is much cheaper, cleaner and safer fuel than petrol and diesel, even better than CNG.
The MDRA study was commissioned by the Indian Auto LPG Coalition (IAC), which is the nodal body for the promotion of auto LPG in India. Members of the coalition include the oil sector PSUs, private auto LPG marketers, kit suppliers and equipment manufacturers.
According to World Health Organization (WHO), 13 out of 20 most polluted cities in the world are from India. Delhi tops this list with 153 micrograms of PM 2.5 per cubic meter, while PM 2.5 should not exceed 10 micrograms per cubic meter. Due to air pollution, half a million premature deaths happen every year in India, and health cost of air pollution in India has been assessed at three per cent of its GDP.
Presently, India has an estimated 222 million vehicles, 80 per cent being two-wheelers, 14 per cent passenger vehicles, three per cent commercial and the remaining three per cent as three wheelers.
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