The alarming status of the undernourished population in India seeks national attention. The wide range of ailments arising out of undernourishment in India and the fact that it prevails in one way or the other in almost all the age groups starting from infancy to the aged classes of the population indicates the need of effective strategies in food consumption patterns. About 1.3 billion people in India are vitamin and mineral deficient. The deficiency of folic acid in infants below five years of age is known to cause at an estimate of one lakh deaths per year.
In more than 50 percent of pregnant women, iron deficiency causes anemia which leads to a high number of infant mortality cases. At present times, safe, hygienic, and nutritionally superior foods have become the initial focus of both the food producers and the consumers. Therefore, it is the right time to come up with all the emerging approaches in both food processing as well as consumption practices. One of the similar approaches that have been a part of establishing nutritional security is food fortification or enrichment.
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