Singh and Shah are like many of the early adopters of ‘financial independence, retire early’ (FIRE) who have now got jittery and are questioning their decision about early retirement. It’s because the ongoing crisis has turned out to be a challenging time for many FIRE adopters and we may see some of the devotees of this strategy going back to job hunting. The pandemic has impacted people and businesses around the world like nothing has ever done before. There’s news everyday about layoffs and furloughs. India is no different. And the stock markets have reflected this unpredictable situation. In March 2020, S & P BSE Sensex tumbled to register a low of 25,639 from its all-time high of 42,274. This fall of 39 per cent was followed by a recovery of 46 per cent from the lows till date.
However, it is still 11 per cent away from reaching its previous all-time high of 42,274 from the current levels. It is not only the equity market that has affected investments. Many FIRE adopters who had parked their money in government saving schemes or fixed incomes are also witnessing a rude shock. To provide impetus to economic growth, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) lowered the repo rate to its lowest since 2004. It has cut policy rates by around 115 basis points or 1.15 per cent in the last few months and is expected to continue with its accommodative instance. And as a result, the rates on small saving schemes too were slashed for the period of April to June. The interest rates on small saving schemes dropped on an average by over 1 per cent.
As can be seen from the above table, for almost all the popular small savings schemes, the interest rates have been drastically cut for the quarter ending June. Therefore, those who were expecting that their investment in fixed income would help them earn better and remain unscathed should get ready to earn a lot less compared to what they were used to. Both equity in the form of Sensex and fixed income in the form of small saving schemes got negatively affected by the pandemic. This will also have a similar impact on those who are on the verge of retirement or are retiring early with a FIRE strategy in place. With the portfolio of such investors decreasing in value, this article sheds more light on the pros and cons of FIRE and the impact of the pandemic.
Financial Independence, Retire Early (FIRE)
This is a lifestyle movement where people seek financial independence and early retirement. It involves extreme savings and investments that allow investors to retire way earlier than traditional financial plans and retirement plans would allow. The followers of the FIRE movement save almost 70 per cent of their income and invest in such a way that it eventually enables them to quit their jobs decades prior to the conventional retirement age of 60. They live solely on small withdrawals from their portfolios. This model has become quite popular among the millennial generation since 2010. In order to save up to 70 per cent of their yearly income, FIRE followers often begin by staying for several years in the traditional workforce. And once their savings reach approximately 50 times their annual expenses, which for someone with moderate lifestyle works out to about Rs 2 crore, they may quit their day jobs or retire completely from any form of employment. However, the above-mentioned figure is not fixed and would change from person to person.
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August 03 - 16, 2020