Redefining Healthcare Facilities

Architecture + Design|June - July 2020

Redefining Healthcare Facilities
Project: Healthcare Facilities at Lucknow and Delhi/NCR. Architects: RSMS Architects Pvt Ltd, New Delhi
Ar Manu Malhotra

The evolution of healthcare in India over the past 25 years has been quite metamorphic. The industry is shifting to a value-based service model, where outcomes and satisfaction drive reimbursements and the patient experience is taking on a whole new level of importance for providers who are looking to add value by designing more patient and family-friendly spaces.

Despite the fact that India has far lesser number of beds available for the population when compared with WHO recommendations, yet healthcare in India remains inaccessible and unaffordable by majority of the population. The Government of India in its recent National Health Policy has provided thrust on three things to overcome some of the challenges faced by the healthcare industry: Increased investment, by way of spending approximately 2.5% of GDP; Providing policy support– the ambitious ‘Ayushman Bharat/Modicare’ to bring accessibility and affordability to approximately 40% of India’s population; and attractive opportunities– the government has a lot of physical infrastructures available in district hospitals (especially in smaller towns) but it remains underutilized owing to manpower and lack of state-of-the-art medical technology. PPP initiative may act as a boon.

As a result, private healthcare providers are likely to face the challenge of providing quality medical care to such a large section of the population. So all these factors put together, not only do we have huge growth potential but also puts us in a place where the service providers and architects together will have to find new ways to cut costs if they want to take advantage of NHP and Ayushman Bharat.

Over the span of two decades of healthcare planning, the architects believe that a hospital is a dynamic space, and hence shall be designed to be flexible enough to sustain the forthcoming changes whether it’s in the form of government policies or technological advancement or changes in municipal regulations. Through our recent projects below, we will demonstrate how RSMS as healthcare planners have utilized these opportunities.


Built over a sprawling 3,30,000sq ft area, it’s a 330-bedded quaternary care hospital with state-of-the-art modern healthcare facilities with the aim to provide specialized medical care across 10 centers of excellence and more than 30 specialties spearheaded by internationally trained doctors.

The architects realized that the construction and running a large facility like this requires a considerable amount of energy and resources as hospitals are energy guzzlers running 24x7x365, and some of the areas remain mechanically operational even if the spaces aren’t occupied. Therefore, a sustainable approach was adopted to healthcare design, whether it’s the building orientation and positioning to achieve maximum day-lighting or use of renewable materials with lower VOC, or preservation of water or recycling of scrap materials or utilizing sustainable technology, renewable resources like solar, wind, etc, the architects explored and incorporated all the possible means of achieving sustainability. Apollo-medics became the first LEED Gold certified private hospital in Uttar Pradesh.


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June - July 2020