消防月刊. - June 2019
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Emergency medical services (EMS) originated from ancient wars, where hand-to-hand combat was common. The key to victory, thus, depended on the number of living warriors. To increase the survival rate, Charles V decided to use horses in the battle of Metz to carry wounded warriors to the back for treatment. That was the earliest form of EMS. After Napoleon came into power, his chief surgeon, Dominique Jean Larrey, with his practical experience and vast knowledge of science, started to transform carriages into ambulances. Then he had those horse-drawn ambulances ready in the back of military troops--whenever someone was wounded, the ambulances, carrying doctors and medical equipment, would come to his rescue. Since then, treatment in the field has become the core of contemporary medical system. Furthermore, Larrey suggested that the priority of treatment should depend on the severity of injury rather than rank, which was the start of triage.
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